Australian Economy

The “miracle” Australian economy (with its famous run of 24 years without a recession) is an amalgam of pre-modern and post-modern industries with very little in between.

Most economies run at least partially upon the productivity gains produced out of manufacturing and ‘making things’ but in Australia productive investment is supplanted with commodity exports (which make up half of exports) and the recycling of the resultant income is deployed as cash flow for borrowings offshore to pump house prices.

The former step is basically the selling of dirt, a pre-modern activity. The second step is managed via the sophisticated use of derivative markets and is essentially a post-modern activity.

Not that GDP cares given it is only the mindless measure of whirring widgets.

However, both of these activities systematically reduce economic competitiveness by inflating both input costs and the currency. “Dutch disease” by another name. This continuous “hollowing out” of productive activity means the broader economy relies heavily upon the non-stop import of capital, either in the form of debt or in the form of assets sold to foreigners, to generate ongoing income growth.

So long as the underlying income from dirt keeps flowing then the leveraging into house prices that supports consumption can continue, supported by both tax distortions and government spending.

If, however, the dirt income flow halts the hollowing out of modern industry will leave the Australian economy very exposed to a current account adjustment. We saw this in the global financial crisis but the flow of dirt income was restored sufficiently quickly to prevent any deep adjustment.

A second risk is that the debt accumulation simply becomes overly onerous for the underlying economy to service, also resulting in a current account adjustment. Well north of $1trillion of the debt is owned externally and household debt is a world-beating 186% of GDP so this is a real risk.

It is offset by a relatively clean public balance sheet that deploys fiscal stimulus in times of economic stress. However, in recent years, as both of the two above risks have increased, the public balance sheet has deteriorated as well, setting Australia up for a famous adjustment to end its famous bull run.

MacroBusiness covers all apposite data and wider analysis of these issues daily.


Australia’s Paradox of Thrift

By Leith van Onselen From Property Observer today comes news that the 50 basis point cut in official interest rates in May, of which around 35 basis points was passed onto borrowers, has failed to stimulate mortgage demand: The Reserve Bank has presented the carrot, but few borrowers appear to be biting, according to mortgage


Centrelink payments trend upwards

Cross posted with permission from Mark the Graph: DEEWR publishes monthly data on its payments. The April data was released Wednesday. Based on this advice from Centrelink, it looks like two of these payment data series – Youth Allowance Other and New Start Total Recipients – can be added together and used as a rough


Skilled vacancies tank in April

So, more data confirmation of the April freeze. DEEWR Skilled Vacancies is out for that month and is down 7% in seasonally adjusted terms (trend down 0.8%): The internals aren’t pretty either with wall to wall declines in sectors and states: I am officially worried. Vacancy Report May 2012


Leading index still subdued

The Westpac/Melbourne Institute Leading Index is out and is forecasting ongoing lacklustre growth at 2.2% in March 2012, below its long term trend of 2.9%. The annualised growth rate of the Coincident Index, which gives a pulse of current activity, was 3.1%, around its long term trend of 3.0%. More below. er20120523BullLeadingIndex


Myer confirms deteriorating trade conditions

Attached is Myer’s profit downgrade release. The Myer downgrade is becoming a staple bi-annual event buy today was a little more worrying that usual. On current trading conditions, Bernie Brookes said: …the result was solid considering the very difficult trading environment in April, which has continued in the first few weeks of the fourth quarter.


It’s the hit to wealth that’s hurting retail

By Leith van Onselen Eli Greenblat and Chris Zappone from Fairfax yesterday published an interesting article on the malaise currently facing the Australian retail sector, which employs roughly 11% of the Australian workforce: THE fragility of Australia’s retail sector, suffering from intense price competition, a strong dollar and consumers made increasingly skittish by the European financial crisis, has


OECD joins the optimists

Below find the OECD’s assessment of the Australian economy over the two years. It’s an exciting piece of fiction best enjoyed on a short plane flight. Australia can be expected to keep reaping the benefits from the minig boom. Despite sharp sectoral disparities, economic growth should be around potential in 2012 and 2013. Mining expansion


Paul Howes’ vision

Find below the AWU’s Paul Howes’ Press Club address of yesterday. The speech has been largely ignored by the vested interests driven business media which is a shame because it’s pretty good. Sure, there’s some contradiction in it. And a lot I don’t agree with, such as his assessment of bank re-regulation being an excuse


Europe crunches consumer confidence

There has been some debate about the influence of external events upon Australian consumer confidence. To my knowledge, nobody as actually tried to measure the effects discretely, but this week’s Roy Morgan Consumer Confidence reading weighs in heavily on the side of deep impact. The number fell 7.5 points to the lows of mid last


Heatmap of wage pressures (updated)

Westpac have released an interesting study into wage pressures across the nation, with “broad” pressure in WA continuining, some growth in Queensland and continued weakness across the lower half of the East. As the report explains, the state by state and by industry makeup is complex to understand so they have created a heatmap showing


Western Australian secession hits the agenda

From The Australian this morning: WEST Australian Premier Colin Barnett has warned his state will “fully integrate” with Asia if the federal government doesn’t ensure WA gets its fair share of the GST pie. Speaking on Sky News’s Australian Agenda program yesterday, Mr Barnett said his state was becoming “much more independent financially” and the


Data for the Week

by Chris Becker Here’s this week’s data/event calendar, which you can also find here. Locally, there is almost nothing going on as the month winds up. Internationally it is effectively a manufacturing focus, with flash manufacturing PMI’s for Germany, Europe and China with US specific indicies released also. Japanese inflation figures will cap off the week,


It’s over you idiots!

Time to buy with both hands! The Pascometer has written off the mining boom thereby ensuring its shift to an altogether unimagined high. But seriously, now that BHP has outflanked yesterday’s rousing chorus of “sell ’em dirt” insiders by itself declaring the commodity super cycle dead, it’s going to be immensely entertaining to watch the


Pincer update

Some good news and bad news today on Australia’s paired macro vulnerabilities. The good news first. On the houses side of the economy, bank CDS prices have fallen a little: I’m as certain as anything in this world that this is only a breather before we go higher. Meanwhile, on the holes side of the


Average weekly earnings power on

The ABS has released its Feb quarter Average Weekly Earnings (AWOTE) report today and it shows ongoing solid wage rises across the nation. Better than the market was forecasting too with QoQ growth of 1.1% versus expectations of 1% and YoY growth of 4.4% versus 4.1% expected. Here’s the long term chart: That’s still very


Inflation expectations ease

In news that will change absolutely nothing for anyone, anywhere, inflation expectations have eased 2 pips to 3.1%. The thing that still gets me about this chart is what the frack was “Bubbles” Macfarlane thinking? The pink line is the 50 day moving average. Where was the tough love when it was needed? And bravo to


Roy Morgan consumer confidence pops on Budget

From Roy Morgan: Consumer Confidence is at 115.7pts (up 5.4pts in a week) according to the Roy Morgan Consumer Confidence Rating conducted last weekend (May 12/13, 2012) — the first measure of Consumer Confidence after Treasurer Wayne Swan delivered the Federal Budget last Tuesday and Opposition Leader Tony Abbott’s Budget reply on Thursday. Consumer Confidence


The pincer tightens

You will perhaps be unsurprised to hear that the twin measures of Australian vulnerability both deteriorated overnight. On the housing side of the economy, bank CDS prices rose another 10 pips or so and are clearly at levels associated with closed markets for Australian bank bonds, approaching 190bps: Gotta love that Budget surplus. Except, maybe


Highrise Harry wants more people

By Leith van Onselen Meet Harry Triguboff. For those who aren’t aware, Mr Triguboff is also known as “High rise Harry” and is the head of Meriton. Meriton is the largest developer of apartments in Australia, with around 50,000 under their name. In early 2010, Mr Triguboff declared his interest in a “Big Australia” when


Business finance bounces in March

By Leith van Onselen The Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) this morning released the Lending Finance data for March, which registered a large increase in the value of commercial finance commitments and smaller rises in both personal and lease financing commitments: In seasonally adjusted terms, the value of commercial finance commitments rose 8.8% in March,


Two speed wages

By Leith van Onselen The Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) has just released the labour price index for the March quarter of 2012. According to the ABS, in trend terms total wages (excluding bonuses) increased by 0.9% over the quarter, with private sector wages rising by 0.9% and public sector wages increasing by 0.7%. The


Rate cut flops with consumers

It appears consumers are not easily bought at the moment with the Westpac/Melbourne Institute Consumer Sentiment reading a measly gain of 0.8% following a 50bps rate cut and cash splash Budget. Here are the major components: Nice pop in family finances which reverses April’s dump. Otherwise, nada. Full details below. er20120516BullConsumerSentiment


Now Treasury confesses

It’s Treasury’s turn today to confess how they got their economic forecasts so wrong over the past eighteen months. Treasury head Martin Parkinson describes the Treasury’s errors at length in the attached speech. In short, they made the same errors as the RBA, over estimated exports, under estimated imports and assumed lot’s of capital gains


Car sales contract in April

By Leith van Onselen The Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) has just released new motor vehicle sales data for the month of April: On a seasonally adjusted basis, new motor vehicle sales fell by -0.7% in April, but were 7.3% higher over the year. The reduction in sales over the month was driven by passenger


State austerity to hit growth

By Leith van Onselen Last month, I noted how Australian State Government Budgets are under increasing pressure from falling stamp duty receipts on the back of the slowing property market: …last week, the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) released Government finance statistics for the 2010-11 financial year, which revealed that Australia’s state and territory governments


Australia’s pincer is closing again

Regular readers will know my obsession with two prices: bank CDS and iron ore. These may seem unrelated but they are not. Bank CDS prices are the cost to ensure Australian bank bonds and as such are a good guide to the global perception of Australian bank risk. Iron ore makes up roughly a quarter