Australian Dollar

Australian Dollar Analysis, News and Forecasts

The Australian dollar, Aussie dollar (AUD) is one the world’s great commodity currencies. Founded in 1966 and floated in 1983 the Aussie “battler” is the 5th most traded currency in the world despite the economy being only the 12th largest by GDP.

The Australian dollar spent much of its first two decades post-float consistently devaluing from the pre-float value of $1.48 US dollars in 1974 to a low of 47 cent in 2001.

Subsequently it broke this huge downtrend with the rise of the Chinese economy and it’s insatiable demand for raw materials – especially those inputs into steel production, iron ore and coking coal – which Australian was endowed with in abundance. It topped this enormous turnaround in 2011 at $1.11 versus the US dollar.

As the super cycle entered decline so too did the Aussie, falling to a low of 68 cents in 2016 and still falling.

However, the Australian dollar  had became popular as a small reserve currency holding with foreign central banks. As the value of the currency virtually halved during the bust they kept buying. Because global central banks were fighting both low inflation and oversupply worldwide, many engaged in an overt currency war, deliberately devaluing their currencies to capture or protect global market share of production. This was exacerbated by private sector flows pursuing the “chase for yield”.

This proved a challenge to Australian macroeconomic managers as the commodity bust persisted. Without the lower value, the Australian economy was unable to compete in non-resource sectors. The Reserve Bank of Australia embarked on a series of interest rate cuts, jawboning and, eventually macropudential policy, to bring the Australian dollar to fair value.

There are five drivers to the currency. Australia’s relative position vis-a-vis Chinese and its own growth; interest rate differentials, the strength or otherwise of the US dollar; the terms of trade and sentiment. Each of these tips into any fair value model but over time the primary driver is the terms of trade. The relative strength of each waxes and wanes with wider trends. For instance, during the “tech bubble” of the late nineties the Australian dollar was battered lower by poor sentiment as it was seen as a pre-tech dinosaur. After the “tech bust”, the currency rapidly recovered as sentiment turned favourable for real assets like commodities.

MacroBusiness covers all apposite data and wider analysis of these issues daily.


Access goes all in on rate rises

Boy, do we have a market in interest rates. From Bloomberg: Australia’s central bank will increase interest rates three times in the coming year as a mining boom boosts wages and helps the economy recover from natural disasters, a Deloitte Access Economics report showed. High resource prices and strong demand will boost Australian incomes and there


Australian Dollar Weekly Wrap

Interesting week for the Aussie – finally breaking out through the top of the last couple of month’s range on the back of hopes for a European resolution as we discussed in yesterday’s piece. The outlook could be turning quite positive for the Aussie if we end up with a benign market environement like the


Australian dollar breakout

After trading the inside range for a while now the Aussie has finally broken topside overnight on the back of the Euro “solution” and along with the ebullience in other markets is threatening to move up and test resistance at 1.1013. As you can see in this chart the Aussie does not have a life


Australian dollar: Give us a minute!

Today sees the release of the RBA minutes from this month’s Board meeting and there is a really strong chance that shortly after their release at 11.30 (EDIT previously I wrote 2.30pm) rates are a little higher than where they are this morning. Yesterday I was talking to an old colleague about the rally in interest


Australian Dollar Weekly Wrap

Another week of the Aussie dancing on the spot as it traded inside the range once again. Excuses abound for Aussie selling but it continues to hold in relatively well all things considered. We had a good chat in the comments section after yesterday’s piece on the tussles between the bulls and bears in the Aussie.


Australian dollar bulls and bears

A couple of competing stories in the press this morning highlight one of the reasons that the AUD/USD rate has been stuck in a range for some time now. In The Australian this morning we have the headline “China risk jangles nerves on high dollar” while over at the SMH we have “As might dragon


Australian Dollar Weekly Wrap

Gee whiz if your not a short term trader the Aussie would be driving you nuts at the moment, range bound as it is but without the strength to challenge the important levels up at 1.1013. From my point of view it remains my feeling that we have to test up there again eventually. During


Aussie Dollar at risk from the RBA

I haven’t posted much trading style stuff recently as the Aussie has been trading a range and I’ve been away from the desk often on business but for those with a trading bent today offers a potential opportunity. As you can see from the chart above last weeks move from just below 1.04 (range bottom)


Australian Dollar Weekly Wrap

I’ve been absent from the currency space in a tumultuous week, as I was out of the office on Business,  where the Aussie tried to break the bottom of the range only to flip the shorts and rally aggressively back to 1.0783 as I write. What can we garner from the run up to and post


Australian Dollar Weekly Wrap

I’ve been out of the office for the back end of the week so my observations are more ex-poste than normal. Sometimes that’s a good thing because we can always write history perfectly but at other times you miss the nuances that you gain when you are sitting in the midst of what’s going on. But I


When the Australian dollar strikes midnight

We haven’t seen a real risk off event yet as most people seem still to be trading as if there is going to be a resolution to the Greek crisis and also, I think, because all the recent volatility has pushed people to the sidelines. So the Aussie has actually been performing superbly all things


Want Australian dollars with that?

News in The Australian this morning that the Russians are buying Aussie Dollars is just another example of the kinds of forces that are at work as a result of the rerating of Australia and our currency. From The Australian: The Russian Central Bank will pour up to $US5 billion ($4.7bn) into the Australian dollar


Australian Dollar Weekly Wrap

The Aussie and the markets performance this week has actually been very constructive for a move higher if Greece ever gets sorted. There is enough pressure on politicians to get their act together and we had German Chancellor merkel backing away from a bail in of investors overnight which gave some hope that a rabbit


This is still not risk off…

I hold a strong view that the instability that we have been seeing over the past few months has in many markets pushed longer term speculative capital to the sides and left the markets to trade on the whim of the short term guys and market news. How else can you explain the lack of


Australian Dollar Weekly Wrap

The Aussie is closing the week looking like it is finally going back toward the recent range low of 1.0440/50 sometime next week. As you can see in the chart below this week’s move has reinforced the 1.0750ish region as the top and we now need to see where the real bottom to this range


Has the RBA killed the dollar rally?

Over the past 8 trading days the Aussie has essentially traded a 1.0590-1.0770 range as the competiting forces in currency land played out. Friday’s spike after non-farm payrolls on the back of the euro’s bounce has not been sustained and as I write the Aussie has bounced off the bottom of the range overnight and


Australian dollar gold standard

We have discussed the possibility that the Aussie has been re-rated by international investors and traders a few times here on Macro. We’ll won’t really know if this is true until the next big bout of market instability, but there is evidence that it is the case among long term holders such as central banks


Australian dollar weekly wrap

It was a week where the Aussie was a little skatty, buffeted by the competing forces of a weak USD and the looming uptick in risk aversion. As the chart below shows over the week there was really much ado about nothing as it traded a very narrow range in the context of the past


Australian dollar weakness

I haven’t posted on the AUD this week largely because nothing is happening as it trades within the recent range. Certainly the downside looks more protected than its did for the past few weeks but I’ve been watching it all week wondering why it is so weak? You’re probably wondering how I can say that as


Retail rips

The ABS just released retail sales data for April and the outcome of +1.1% was way beyond market expectations of a rise of 0.4% with last month’s fall of 0.5% being revised to only -0.3%. These are unequivocally strong and unexpected numbers and will complicate the outlook for the market, which doesn’t think the RBA is


Australian dollar breakdown

Just a quick update on our beloved Aussie and markets in Asia generally. Houses and Holes prescient headline on links this morning that last night was a dead cat bounce is proving correct. As I write my Bloomberg terminal is telling me: AUD/USD is sitting at 1.0477, down 0.78% Dow and S&P Futures down 0.65%


Australian dollar catches euro flu

Just a quick update on what is happening in our timezone today which comes with the VERY BIG codicle that Asia often gets it wrong first up after a weekend where a bit of doom and gloom reigns. But we talked a couple of weeks ago about how the European troubles last week and the


Australian dollar weekly wrap

After a tumultuous two weeks and an omnious close last Saturday morning the Aussie settled down to trade a 2 cent range this week. That’s not to say that traders didn’t test out the support at 1.05 we have identified previously. But having found it solid, they turned the other way, making a high last


Central banks and the Australian dollar

There is an old trading adage which I subscribe to that says you should not overtrade. It’s the same with blogging about currencies – sometimes it is best to stay on the sidelines. So I’ve been quiet as there hasn’t been much to say on the Aussie this week. Really, it has just traded in a


Gasbagging a US default

Last night the US Government hit its debt ceiling of  US 14.3 TRILLION. Yes that’s trillion with a T and while there is little wonder that there is a debate about the raising of this ceiling in an environment where the sustainability of fiscal positions is being questioned all around the world. I wonder why


BHP and the buck

As most of us will have heard, we’re a blessed country entering a second mining boom that is starting up after the first one was doused by the GFC in 2007.  This second boom will be longer and stronger than all before it, improving our terms of trade beyond anything this sunburnt country has experienced


Australian dollar weekly wrap

It was a volatile weak for the Australian dollar, trading a broad range. At the close it has satisfied the next near term target in its downtrend that I had identified in yesterday’s Technical update and last week’s Wrap. That is, a daily close below 1.06 and to the extent the Aussie is closing lower (1.0573) as


Australian dollar on the skids

I think the AUD/USD exchange rate has made a medium term top at 1.1013 which is associated with what appears to be a turn in the USD and other markets at present. Turning points are never easy times for markets as the previous bulls cling to their tendencies and the emerging bears are a bit


Euro weakness changes the currency game

Last year the EUR got down under 1.20 and I was convinced it was going to its true value, in my opinion anyway of 1:1 with the USD. Nothing against Germany or even France for that matter but the bolted on Eurozone area to these and other “core” nations really does make the sum of the whole