Iron ore price

Iron ore price, steel price and futures published daily

The contemporary seaborne iron ore price first emerged in 2003 when the Chinese development model shifted up a gear. Indian suppliers broke free of an annual contract pricing system that had been dominated by Australia, Brazil and Japan for decades.

As Chinese demand surged, traditional supply and pricing mechanisms could not keep pace. Indian miners in Goa and Karnataka had surplus supply and filled China’s marginal new needs outside the old benchmarking system.

But it still wasn’t enough and other non-traditional suppliers began to emerge in South America and Africa. These needed more dynamic pricing mechanisms and by 2008 Platts, Metal Bulletin and The Steel Index were publishing a daily iron ore price.

As the Chinese demand surge continued, by 2007, major Australian iron ore miners were charging enormous premiums to prices from five years earlier. The annual benchmarking system began to strain to the point breaking, including significant diplomatic tensions between Australia and China. This culminated in a proposed merger of BHP and RIO Tinto which triggered panic in Beijing as it feared an already supply-constrained market and soaring iron ore price would by made worse by monopoly pricing. The Chinese SOE, Chinalco, moved the buy a blocking stake in RIO Tinto.

However, the GFC intervened and deflated tensions as Chinese demand collapsed. But Chinese steel mills found themselves still tied to very high prices and an annual iron ore price benchmark that did not reflect the new reality. Many defaulted on cargoes and walked away from deals.

To fight the downturn, China unleashed an enormous fiscal and monetary stimulus that soon had China building more than ever. The demand for iron ore rocketed to all new highs. With the memory of contract defaults fresh in their minds, major Australian miners, led by BHP and CEO Marius Kloppers, abandoned the annual benchmarks, forcing Chinese steel mills to adopt a short term iron ore price using spot and quarterly contracts. Brazil joined in in 2010.

The spot iron ore price soared to all new highs and triggered a global wave of new supply from producers such as Fortescue Metals Group, Ferrexpo, Kumba Iron Ore, Anglo American and Sino Iron.

With the rise of the short term iron ore price market, iron ore derivative markets grew. First in the Singapore on the SGX and later in China as the Dalian Commodities Exchange and the United States at Chicago Commodities Exchange (CME). Iron ore derivatives could hedge and future price iron ore output.

These last developments coincided with the peak in the China boom and prices began to fall from 2012. After peaking above $190 per tonne, the iron ore price collapsed into the $30s in 2015 as new supply outstripped demand.

Ahead were still many years of oversupply, a lower iron ore price, consolidation and mine closures.

Also Check – Australian Dollar

Find below our daily feed of market analysis

4

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10

NAB warns on mining cliff

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1

Coking coal hits 3 year low

From ANZ: Iron ore prices ended the week with a 5% drop, the sharpest fall since mid-March when China’s growth expectations for this year were reduced. Iron ore prices are now sitting around 6-month lows and remain under pressure from the weakness in Chinese steel prices. Coking coal prices also posted the 4th consecutive week

1

Daily iron ore price update

Find below the iron ore price table for May 17, 2013: At $15, the 12 month swap to spot spread has returned to historically consistent dimensions for this price range. The spread to rebar remains very wide. So, either both iron ore prices keep falling or rebar keeps rising if the reversion to mean is

3

Daily iron ore price update

Find below the iron ore price table for May 13, 2013: Rebar futures were up slightly. Chinese port stocks edged up again last week to 75.6 million tonnes. Indian source stocks rose again also, up to 18 million tonnes. Whatever the cause, some Indian iron ore appears to be seeping back into the market.

27

Worshipping iron giants doesn’t pay

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0

Heat on Rio to can ore expansion

From the AFR comes news that London fund managers are pressuring Rio: The so-called “360” project entails the approval of up to $US5 billion of spending on new mines needed to match port and rail capacity improvements that have already been approved. It would lift Rio’s annual production by 70 million tonnes from the 290 million tonne capacity