Million dollar Uni vice chancellor defends foreign student flood

By Leith van Onselen

Following yesterday’s article entitled “Australia’s visa system ‘gamed’ by international students”, the vice chancellor of the University of NSW, Ian Jacobs, has defended the university’s extreme reliance on foreign students. From The Australian:

…the most frustrating criticism in 2018 has been a growing chorus of commentators chiding the sector for an over-reliance on international students…

Our international education sector offers overseas and domestic students alike the chance to learn about other cultures and share experiences, while serving as Australia’s third largest export industry behind iron ore and coal…

The international education conducted by the Go8 universities generates $19.5bn of economic activity each year.

The fact China makes up a substantial proportion of our international students reflects our success in competing in the highly competitive education market…

The constant undermining of brilliant research and teaching not only damages our global standing but also hurts Australians.

Of course Ian Jacobs would defend the system. His university, after all, is extremely reliant on foreign students, which made up a whopping 42.9% of commencing students in 2017 – way up from 30.2% in 2012:

Ian Jacobs has also done very well financially from the flood of foreign full-fee paying students, with his salary topping $1.2 million in 2016, as noted by The Conversation:

These 38 vice-chancellors were paid an average A$890,000 in 2016. Twelve earned more than A$1 million. The best-paid vice-chancellor was Sydney University’s Professor Michael Spence, who received A$1.4 million, after a 56% increase over five years.

Professor Greg Craven at the Australian Catholic University followed on the heels of Spence, earning A$1.25 million. Just behind Craven was Professor Ian Jacobs at UNSW on A$1.22 million. The lowest remuneration went to vice-chancellors at Southern Cross (A$500,000) and Murdoch universities (A$585,000).

In addition to these lucrative salaries, many vice-chancellors get performance-related bonuses.

By comparison, vice-chancellors at a number of prestigious UK universities earn considerably less…

In fact, university bosses in Australia are among the highest paid in the world. They also fare extremely well when compared to other public sector employees in Australia. Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull earns less than all but one vice-chancellor, taking home around A$527,000 a year…

Central to this calculus is income generation and the achievement of a surplus. That’s duly rewarded by a performance-related salary bonus.

Obviously, stemming the flood of foreign students would reduce this cash cow, lowering vice chancellors’ hefty remuneration.

Ian Jacobs’ claimed economy-wide benefits also do not consider the costs from not only the additional population pressures placed on our cities (paid for by ordinary residents), but also the degradation of education standards and quality.  These costs have been laid out in all their hideous glory by Dr Cameron Murray – an economics lecturer at the University of Queensland:

A thread on my experience:

1. 90% of students in my economics masters classes are international.
2. Half of them struggle with basic English
3. When I ask in tutorials why they are doing the degree, half tell me that they “need more points for their residency visa” (1/n)
4. They tell me they choose economics because they can do the maths but don’t need to understand anything or write anything.
5. I always set written essays or reports. Students tell me that they know other students are using paid ‘essay writing’ services to pass my class (2/n)
6. If half the class can’t understand English it brings down standards. It must—unless I fail half the class.
7. Think about the incentives—a casual lecturer who costs $25,000 fails 50 students paying $250,000. Change lecturer next year or reduce intake to keep standards? (3/n)
8. It is frustrating when top international students from foreign governments/central banks come to your class, then sit next to rich Chinese (almost always Chinese) who can’t understand a word and are there to buy a visa (4/n)
9. The evidence shows the effect on standards is real. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S027277571200028310
None of this is a secret. That research is from 2011. Here’s an article from 2014: https://www.smh.com.au/education/academics-accuse-universities-of-addiction-to-international-students-and-their-cheating-20141112-11lbdi.html
10. Unfortunately, this reality conflicts with the widely believed myth that our immigration program brings in “high skilled” workers.
11. 350,000 international students paying $25,000+ per year to study is $9billion being pumped through our top dozen universities. (6/n)
12. Halving the number of international students would keep all the good students, boost standards for all, and remove the visa scams.
13. But this would remove $4.5billion per year of revenue to the universities. (7/n)
14. In sum, universities are being degraded so they can be used as a back-door immigration program, and no one at the senior levels of universities or major political parties want to change it.
15. It is nearly career suicide for younger academics to say anything about it (8/8)

I forgot to add that almost every student I failed or called out for plagiarism got second and third chances until they passed. After the first chance it is taken out of my hands to higher ups at the faculty…

There is nothing new in this thread. did a big investigation a few years ago. Nothing changed AFAIK. People are just used to the new reality. https://economics.com.au/2015/04/17/universities-corruption-and-standards-its-not-just-academic-anymore/

More here: https://www.theaustralian.com.au/higher-education/free-ride-past-language-barrier/news-story/9082a4d2234f019af2ddd1f68be73a8f  and here: https://economics.com.au/2011/03/16/are-we-going-easy-on-foreign-students-in-order-to-get-more-revenue/

As I noted yesterday, Australia’s education system has become an integral part of the immigration industry and Australia’s population ponzi – effectively a way for foreigners to buy backdoor permanent residency to Australia.

Not only are these students helping to crush-load our major cities and placing downward pressure on wages, but they are dumbing down education standards, as revealed by three recent Australian reports (here, here and here), as well as above by Dr Cameron Murray.

It is, therefore, time to put a leash on the university sector, starting with removing the link between foreign students studying at university and gaining work visas and permanent residency, as well as lifting entry standards. Let our universities compete on quality and value alone.

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Comments

  1. It is not just post-grad or Economics where English is not welcome – At UNSW, if you are the only non-Chinese student in a finance tutorial, and the tutor (also Chinese) will conduct the tutorial in Mandarin.

  2. The worst thing is the dumbing down of the education courses. Local kids are in debt up to their eyeballs in student loans, yet cannot receive a quality education that will launch their careers and make that debt worth it. From a country perspective, knowing that the next generation of workers are being given substandard educations is frightening – how is the country going to compete with other countries who are producing top notch graduates to feed big innovative companies like Google and Amazon? Third world here we come.

    • We cant and won’t without fundamental change. China has graduated 3m plus STEM graduates to underpin a raft of new industries – AI, biotechnology, robotics, quantum computing, electric vehicles, renewables, etc. All we have is the collapsing Property Industrial Complex, dodgy education system and wasting billions on useless weapons.

      • Indeed this education export industry is one of the few enterprises we have left now that RE has tanked.

        But with China not really breeding and India also beginning to lose interest in breeding while building their own universities like its going out of style, how long will it last?

  3. Ian Jacobs is part of the typical cohort of VCs who took over the management of universities as “businesses”.

    ‘Managerialism’ thus replaced the normative values of academia. CEO wannabes took inflated salaries and performance bonuses and salivated at the neoliberal game plan as they created top-heavy administrations to do their dirty work. And why not? Ethics come a poor second to cash incentives when it comes to destroying the integrity of your institution. It has worked in all other public institutions using the same model. In academia it has been a great way to get government policy implemented.

    His tosh could have been written by a marketing hack for a tourist brochure:

    “Our international education sector offers overseas and domestic students alike the chance to learn about other cultures and share experiences, while serving as Australia’s third largest export industry behind iron ore and coal…”

    Oh please, academics and VCs are saving the economy are they? That’s their role is it?

    And the following tells us that $s are the bottom line:

    “The international education conducted by the Go8 universities generates $19.5bn of economic activity each year.”

    Wacko. Mind you, if Jacobs could get into the live cattle export business to boost that turnover he would. If only he could be allowed to really go for it.

    “The constant undermining of brilliant research and teaching not only damages our global standing but also hurts Australians.”

    And this bile-generating pitch above should be run past all the casual staff, exploited PhD students used as de facto staff, researchers with no tenure, students with no opportunity and holders of degrees with declining value. Because it’s well known that these people achieve in spite of his best efforts to screw them over and treat them with contempt. Ask one of the domestic students who needs a bookmark to access any amenity at the university he has crowded out. Remember them Ian Jacobs? Your 18-21 year old fee paying “clients” who you send satisfaction surveys and put on your happy website and lie to about the vocational value of the qualifications and experience you undermine every day?

    In truth, people like Jacobs have been the well paid handmaidens who’ve done that damage themselves on behalf of slash and burn governments. That’s the whole point of neoliberalism and managerialism – you find a CEO who will jump through any hoop and say anything to justify the bottom line. That bottom line is made by the ever declining federal commitment to education made up for my the cash cow of overseas students.

    Jacobs, like the good neoliberal CEO that he is, will never call a spade a spade. Instead, he’ll spew bullshit in little moral sermons and offer hollow platitudes as the academic ship sinks into the scummy lagoon of intellectual dishonesty created by the modern-day academic Judas.

    And absolutely everyone in the front line of university education knows that this is the same disease caught by the finance industry. It is corrupt.

    • “Jacobs, like the good neoliberal CEO that he is, will never call a spade a spade. Instead, he’ll spew bullshit in little moral sermons and offer hollow platitudes as the academic ship sinks into the scummy lagoon of intellectual dishonesty created by the modern-day academic Judas.”
      YOU NAILED IT R.E. JACOBS AND HIS ‘bullshit in little moral sermons and offer hollow platitudes”!!!!

  4. The international education conducted by the Go8 universities generates $19.5bn of economic activity each year.

    The superannuation funds management industry generates $32 billion of “economic activity” each year. But that doesn’t mean its actually doing anything of value to society.

    Just as Eisenhower warned against the “Military-Industrial Complex”, so Australia is developing its own set of complexes.

    For example, there is a funds management-infrastructure-contracting complex comprising:

    • union-managed industry superannuation funds;

    • investment bankers; and

    • contractors,

    each of whom clips the ticket whilst auctioning off strategic monopolies, essential services, critical databases and newly-created tax farms to private companies, all financed by the quasi-tax levied on wage and salary earners.

    And now there is the Education-Immigration-Real Estate complex comprising:

    • universities;

    • migrant services; and

    • real estate developers,

    each of whom clips the ticket whilst auctioning off Australian residency rights under the guise of education, and providing them with somewhere to live in the process.

    Just because these complexes generate “economic activity” doesn’t mean that they’re actually producing anything of value to society.

    The problem with complexes is that so many people come to depend on them for their livelihood that they become impossible to attack. It is yet another collective action problem: those who benefit will spend the time and effort lobbying politicians (and perhaps “bribing” politicians, formally or informally) to maintain their benefits. For the rest of society there is a Prisoners’ Dilemma in that no-one suffers such individual harm that they’re willing to incur the costs of challenging the system.

    This is especially a problem under the system of elective government where politicians respond primarily to powerful, well-organised minority groups. It continues until the whole system eventually collapses under the weight of its own inefficiency.

    Australia: “The Rent-Seeking Society”.

    • Great summary.

      The decline in Australian academic standards is also linked to the nonsense logic of a mass education industries. Unique intellectual islands and great innovators are patchy – so are great teachers. There are few in any institution and they cannot be predicted or assumed to be present at every university department. Not all research is valuable and groundbreaking – in fact, very little is. But the value of your degree is to a great part due to access to inspiring and creative people who mentor you. Obviously this cannot be achieved en masse. Punching out a flood of people with the same notional qualifications devalues the qualification. Once university degrees lower the high bar for the sake of mass revenue and punch out degrees their value becomes less. Presently, universities have become vocational ‘training’ organisations and not academic institutions.

      Treating teenagers seeking an education as “clients” in an open market for degrees assumes that they know what they need and have information to make an informed choice. Go to any Australian university website and see how they tart themselves to the OS student market and as a vocational training organisations.

      This is a parasitic business that cons domestic students and takes their money and waves the possibility of a visa under the noses of OS students. It’s immoral and disgusting.

  5. Universities are also in the big business of property development through student accommodation. More international students means more property developments for universities.

  6. To raise standards, the obvious solution is for the lecturer to start conducting the lectures in Mandarin.

  7. My direct experience with Ian Jacobs left me with the impression that he is absolute slime.
    He will have to be got rid of in the interests of national security and UNSW purged of PLA/CCP/United Front elements who have infected the place.

    UNSW has become a danger to the country.

  8. Excellent article. The solution is to cut the link between foreign students and work visa and immigration.
    It’s not a win for Aus. The diversity of our economy is similar to that iof Zimbabwe and I fear for our future.
    it’s been a govt decision based result. I recall speaking to a guy at UNSW more than 30 years ago, he had been involved with CSIRO in developing an affordable way to rejigg old textile machinery, Aus govt not interested .went to China for a pittance and we lost our textile industry, same with tanneries and best in the world skins, took tariffs off cheap leather goods. There must be many these are two I had interest in. We are fked. The

    • Creation is much harder than destruction. It’s something our “genius” leaders who implemented neoliberalism simply don’t seem to understand. It’s so much easier to wreck an existing industry and export it overseas than it is to build one up locally and protect it from being raided.

      Such idiots. Ah well, they were elected by other idiots so I guess we got the rent-seeking economy we deserved.

  9. An accounting degree requires no wind tunnel, so the “unis” keep printing those and charge the taxpayers for them. While Aussies bosses are allowed to import accountants for $0 each.

    A completely screwed up system. The salaries of vice chancellors should be capped at $400k/year and federal funding of “unis” should be slashed in half.

    What is the point of funding accounting “degrees” and then giving the accounting jobs to 457 visa staff anyway?

  10. “The Go8 universities generates $19.5bn of economic activity each year”.

    As part of the $32 billion foreign student export industry…

    Lies. Carefully worded & misleading lies.

    Let’s look at the real story, and why the Australian people need to force a Royal Commission into this so called ‘industry’

    We have 673,000 foreign students & partners in Australia. As at Dec 2018.
    91% or 603,000 are in Sydney & Melbourne.
    204,000 of the 673,000 are Chinese Mainland communists.
    See the AustralianEducation Gov Snapshots website as references.

    Not all the foreign students are on an international student visa, but on other categories.
    Many are not studying – the visa intake also includes 53,000 ‘partners’ as ‘secondary’ on the primary foreign student visa & who enter with no English requirements & full work rights.
    Both the primary & secondary Foreign Student & partner are very long stay, 4 to 9 years is common, depending on their visa churn & extensions.

    75% work illegally – (USyd & UTS studies).

    Growth in numbers.
    It was 624,001 in Dec 2017 and has increased by 8% Dec 2018.

    Is it an Export industry?’

    Here is the oft repeated claim.
    “The number of student visas had increased with the booming international student export industry in Australia, now worth an estimated $32 billion*.”

    *The original source being a Deloitte Access Economics study commissioned by the Australian Education & International Students lobbyists.

    ➡️It’s $32 billion of ‘economic activity’.

    Not a $32 billion ‘export’.

    673,000 foreign students & partners are assessed as having an average GDP economic activity of $47.5k each or $914 each a week. (Treasury)

    That alone lowers the Australian GDP per Capita by -2.7%

    The actual money brought or transferred into Australia?
    The entire foreign student intake only brings in yearly $2.4 billion in ‘self declared funds’ or once off bank statements & sponsors – mostly not checked or very easily frauded.
    (Source : DHA declared funds / checked & self declared)

    Which means their income for economic activity here is EARNED HERE – mostly illegally (75%).
    So NOT AN EXPORT at all.

    A massive importation of negative GDP per capita.

    Fees paid.

    They only paid $7.2 billion in fees in 2016. ($12.4k yearly for each primary visa holder – the vast majority most are doing very low level courses) With the growth to the 2018 numbers that’s now $8.3 billion.
    Source: Deloitte Access Economics.

    Job & unemployment impacts.

    They displace at least 500,000 Australians in working illegally / cash in hand job theft costing $9 billion in Centrelink alone. We have 1.3 million unemployed & 1.1 million seeking work.
    The unemployment costs to the Australian tax payer alone exceed the ‘foreign students fees paid’.

    Tax.

    They don’t pay tax / 75% work illegally cash in hand or fake ID – so another $4 billion negative. Where they do work legally (as well) – it’s at minimum rates & very low tax thresholds, with many scoring a tax return on that money.

    Wages.

    They lower wages for all Australians in both the race to the bottom in wages paid, illegal work and casualisation of employment – costing tens of billions in Australian direct wages loss, loss of permanent jobs & plus taxation loss or avoidance.
    The estimate is that they lower all Australian wages by 6.7% or $48 billion, and the indirect tax loss (from no wages growth for all Australians, so less tax paid at what would be a higher rate) – that’s a hard loss taxation impact of $16.3 billion.

    It needs a Royal Commission.

  11. Continued (random moderator block 🙂

    Housing.

    They rent. 97% rent in shared private accommodation (DHA) at very high occupancy rates of 2 or 3 times the Australian average (5-8 per dwelling) – let’s say 5 per dwelling, occupying some 150,000 ex Australian dwellings.

    Typically now foreign owned, run as cash in hand sublet, bunk share and a falsified rent income by that foreign owner, no tax paid, and often claiming negative gearing.

    That alone is a $7 billion industry – heavily frauded with over $3 billion in cash in hand sublet rental income not declared.
    At least $2 billion taxation & NG lost.

    And the resulting Sydney / Melbourne housing price bubble as the foreign money poured into low cost modest Australian housing to convert to ‘foreign student accommodation’ has seen dwelling prices soar and higher rents & mortgages for all Australians. That’s a huge impact costing our society tens of billions as an impact.

    Education.

    They have destroyed Australian education (fallen 10 places globally) as it sold out Australia as a visa alibi.
    Tens of billions lost & higher education costs for Australian youth or now they are denied even that opportunity.

  12. Continued (random moderator block 🙂
    Congestion & demand on public infrastructure.

    91% or 603,000 foreign students are in Sydney or Melbourne.
    Long stay to very long stay (4 to 9 years is common).
    They drive some 108,000 cars on international licences. Their fines are not even collected by NSW SDRO now as it’s so heavily frauded in identity fraud.
    No registration, checks on identity or location or address systems are in place, or links to immigration & law enforcement.

    They heavily congest our trains & public transport. As anyone can attest to. Sparking massive infrastructure projects such as Sydney Light Rail ($4 billion) that they will never pay for.
    Tens of billions lost.

    Housing affordability crisis.

    As example: The recent Tasmanian issues were triggered by University of Tasmania expansion to only 8,000 foreign students who occupy at least 1,800 existing modest ex Australian dwellings in Tasmania- no housing for them was built – and only 400 beds in accommodation are planned.

    We have 603,000 in Sydney & Melbourne.
    75 x that number & issue.

    We also now have 116,000 Australian permanent homeless & 340,000 Australians seeking affordable housing as a result. Costing $4 billion or more.

  13. Continued (Random moderator block 🙂
    Human Capital Value.

    Of the 673,000 foreign students & partners only 38,000 are doing genuine post grad high level education.

    The other 635,000 are doing low level courses, often available free online or in their home country (or as a ‘partner’ no course at all & working full time or working illegally).

    Most of the courses being done have no or very low international recognition.

    The progression of a foreign student into a high income professional vocation is 3.7%.
    (Migration Pathways – A Decade On Report 2016).

    Meaning that 96% fail to ever achieve any human capital value above average – in Australia (where they join the unemployment queue as a PR) or in their home country.

  14. Not an ‘EXPORT INDUSTRY’.

    Continued (moderator block 🙂
    The foreign student program is economically & socially negative.
    $50 billion or more negative in direct and indirect impacts to Australian society.
    The people need to demand a Royal Commission.

  15. (full post now with random moderated word approval..).

    “The Go8 universities generates $19.5bn of economic activity each year”.

    As part of the $32 billion foreign student export industry…

    Lies. Carefully worded & misleading lies.

    Let’s look at the real story, and why the Australian people need to force a Royal Commission into this so called ‘industry’

    We have 673,000 foreign students & partners in Australia. As at Dec 2018.
    91% or 603,000 are in Sydney & Melbourne.
    204,000 of the 673,000 are Chinese Mainland communists.
    See the AustralianEducation Gov Snapshots website as references.

    Not all the foreign students are on an international student visa, but on other categories.
    Many are not studying – the visa intake also includes 53,000 ‘partners’ as ‘secondary’ on the primary foreign student visa & who enter with no English requirements & full work rights.
    Both the primary & secondary Foreign Student & partner are very long stay, 4 to 9 years is common, depending on their visa churn & extensions.

    75% work illegally – (USyd & UTS studies).

    Growth in numbers.
    It was 624,001 in Dec 2017 and has increased by 8% Dec 2018.

    Is it an Export industry?’

    Here is the oft repeated claim.
    “The number of student visas had increased with the booming international student export industry in Australia, now worth an estimated $32 billion*.”

    *The original source being a Deloitte Access Economics study commissioned by the Australian Education & International Students lobbyists.

    ➡️It’s $32 billion of ‘economic activity’.

    Not a $32 billion ‘export’.

    673,000 foreign students & partners are assessed as having an average GDP economic activity of $47.5k each or $914 each a week. (Treasury)

    That alone lowers the Australian GDP per Capita by -2.7%

    The actual money brought or transferred into Australia?
    The entire foreign student intake only brings in yearly $2.4 billion in ‘self declared funds’ or once off bank statements & sponsors – mostly not checked or very easily frauded.
    (Source : DHA declared funds / checked & self declared)

    Which means their income for economic activity here is EARNED HERE – mostly illegally (75%).
    So NOT AN EXPORT at all.

    A massive importation of negative GDP per capita.

    Fees paid.

    They only paid $7.2 billion in fees in 2016. ($12.4k yearly for each primary visa holder – the vast majority most are doing very low level courses) With the growth to the 2018 numbers that’s now $8.3 billion.
    Source: Deloitte Access Economics.

    Job & unemployment impacts.

    They displace at least 500,000 Australians in working illegally / cash in hand job theft costing $9 billion in Centrelink alone. We have 1.3 million unemployed & 1.1 million seeking work.
    The unemployment costs to the Australian tax payer alone exceed the ‘foreign students fees paid’.

    Tax.

    They don’t pay tax / 75% work illegally cash in hand or fake ID – so another $4 billion negative. Where they do work legally (as well) – it’s at minimum rates & very low tax thresholds, with many scoring a tax return on that money.

    Wages.

    They lower wages for all Australians in both the race to the bottom in wages paid, illegal work and casualisation of employment – costing tens of billions in Australian direct wages loss, loss of permanent jobs & plus taxation loss or avoidance.
    The estimate is that they lower all Australian wages by 6.7% or $48 billion, and the indirect tax loss (from no wages growth for all Australians, so less tax paid at what would be a higher rate) – that’s a hard loss taxation impact of $16.3 billion.

    Housing.

    They rent. 97% rent in shared private accommodation (DHA) at very high occupancy rates of 2 or 3 times the Australian average (5-8 per dwelling) – let’s say 5 per dwelling, occupying some 150,000 ex Australian dwellings.

    Typically now foreign owned, run as cash in hand sublet, bunk share and a falsified rent income by that foreign owner, no tax paid, and often claiming negative gearing.

    That alone is a $7 billion industry – heavily frauded with over $3 billion in cash in hand sublet rental income not declared.
    At least $2 billion taxation & NG lost.

    And the resulting Sydney / Melbourne housing price bubble as the foreign money poured into low cost modest Australian housing to convert to ‘foreign student accommodation’ has seen dwelling prices soar and higher rents & mortgages for all Australians. That’s a huge impact costing our society tens of billions as an impact.

    Education.

    They have destroyed Australian education (fallen 10 places globally) as it sold out Australia as a visa alibi.
    Tens of billions lost & higher education costs for Australian youth or now they are denied even that opportunity.

    Congestion & demand on public infrastructure.

    91% or 603,000 foreign students are in Sydney or Melbourne.
    Long stay to very long stay (4 to 9 years is common).
    They drive some 108,000 cars on international licences. Their fines are not even collected by NSW SDRO now as it’s so heavily frauded in identity fraud.
    No registration, checks on identity or location or address systems are in place, or links to immigration & law enforcement.

    They heavily congest our trains & public transport. As anyone can attest to. Sparking massive infrastructure projects such as Sydney Light Rail ($4 billion) that they will never pay for.
    Tens of billions lost.

    Housing affordability crisis.

    As example: The recent Tasmanian issues were triggered by University of Tasmania expansion to only 8,000 foreign students who occupy at least 1,800 existing modest ex Australian dwellings in Tasmania- no housing for them was built – and only 400 beds in accommodation are planned.

    We have 603,000 in Sydney & Melbourne.
    75 x that number & issue.

    We also now have 116,000 Australian permanent homeless & 340,000 Australians seeking affordable housing as a result. Costing $4 billion or more.

    Human Capital Value.

    Of the 673,000 foreign students & partners only 38,000 are doing genuine post grad high level education.

    The other 635,000 are doing low level courses, often available free online or in their home country (or as a ‘partner’ no course at all & working full time or working illegally).

    Most of the courses being done have no or very low international recognition.

    The progression of a foreign student into a high income professional vocation is 3.7%.
    (Migration Pathways – A Decade On Report 2016).

    Meaning that 96% fail to ever achieve any human capital value above average – in Australia (where they join the unemployment queue as a PR) or in their home country.

    Not an ‘EXPORT INDUSTRY’.

    The foreign student program is economically & socially negative.

    $50 billion or more negative in direct and indirect impacts to Australian society.

    The people need to demand a Royal Commission.