No let up in coal squeeze

From ANZ today:

Bulk commodity prices improved on Friday, but ended the week softer. Iron ore prices have settled around the USD116/t level in line with a pick-up in Chinese steel prices and Baltic capesize rates, which were up another 18.8% last week. However, the mood is still cautious in China as rumours of ongoing tight credit conditions and potential defaults in the thermal coal market weighed on already bearish sentiment. Most thermal coal players are still reportedly reluctant to book cargoes, with prices still declining. That said, Japanese utilities are taking advantage of lower prices, with Hokkaido Electric last week buying 5 panamax’s (375,000t) of Australian coal to be delivered in Q3. Reports suggest Australian producers are surprised at the sharp drop in Newc prices over the past two weeks, but suggest a declining AUD is helping to buffer the downside and point to a bottom in the low USD70s.


That’s possible. Note in the below cost curve that at $70, 20% of global coal is in the red:


Even some Australian mines get shaky. But don’t forget that most thermal coal is priced in quarterly and longer contracts which are much higher. So there is a chance that thermal coal will have to sit at $70 for quite some time to take out North American production.

Coking coal is also sitting at its low of $134. It’s cost curve shows that more pain is ahead:


Note that about 10% of global production is in the red at current prices. I’m targeting sub $120 to really put the squeeze on. The same contract dynamics apply.

ANZ Commodity Daily 853 010713.pdf by Tiffany Barton

David Llewellyn-Smith
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  1. notsofastMEMBER

    So what is really happening with Coal in China???

    China supplies over 3 billion tonnes of its 4 billion tonnes per year coal consumption from its own mines. Which mines supply this 3 billion plus tonnes of coal, where are these mines, what is its energy content/tonne, how much does it cost to extract, where is it used and what are its shipping costs?

    Even more important for Australian Coal than the reduction in Chinese coal consumption due to the economic slow down, is to what extent will imports replace Chinese produced coal?