Australian Dollar

Australian Dollar Analysis, News and Forecasts

The Australian dollar, Aussie dollar (AUD) is one the world’s great commodity currencies. Founded in 1966 and floated in 1983 the Aussie “battler” is the 5th most traded currency in the world despite the economy being only the 12th largest by GDP.

The Australian dollar spent much of its first two decades post-float consistently devaluing from the pre-float value of $1.48 US dollars in 1974 to a low of 47 cent in 2001.

Subsequently it broke this huge downtrend with the rise of the Chinese economy and it’s insatiable demand for raw materials – especially those inputs into steel production, iron ore and coking coal – which Australian was endowed with in abundance. It topped this enormous turnaround in 2011 at $1.11 versus the US dollar.

As the super cycle entered decline so too did the Aussie, falling to a low of 68 cents in 2016 and still falling.

However, the Australian dollar  had became popular as a small reserve currency holding with foreign central banks. As the value of the currency virtually halved during the bust they kept buying. Because global central banks were fighting both low inflation and oversupply worldwide, many engaged in an overt currency war, deliberately devaluing their currencies to capture or protect global market share of production. This was exacerbated by private sector flows pursuing the “chase for yield”.

This proved a challenge to Australian macroeconomic managers as the commodity bust persisted. Without the lower value, the Australian economy was unable to compete in non-resource sectors. The Reserve Bank of Australia embarked on a series of interest rate cuts, jawboning and, eventually macropudential policy, to bring the Australian dollar to fair value.

There are five drivers to the currency. Australia’s relative position vis-a-vis Chinese and its own growth; interest rate differentials, the strength or otherwise of the US dollar; the terms of trade and sentiment. Each of these tips into any fair value model but over time the primary driver is the terms of trade. The relative strength of each waxes and wanes with wider trends. For instance, during the “tech bubble” of the late nineties the Australian dollar was battered lower by poor sentiment as it was seen as a pre-tech dinosaur. After the “tech bust”, the currency rapidly recovered as sentiment turned favourable for real assets like commodities.

MacroBusiness covers all apposite data and wider analysis of these issues daily.


Macro Afternoon

Probable chart captions: “There is no second wave. VP Pence 15th June 2020” aka “Sometimes two plus two is five” aka “there is no spoon”…. So we end the trading week with a lot of confidence that risk market are not reflecting economic reality but fiscal and behavioral pressure with most Asian stock markets ending


RBA’s Harper: Australian dollar too high

Via Bloomie: Reserve Bank board member Ian Harper urged Australia’s government to come up with a “tapering arrangement” for its stimulus programs that are due to end in September, warning a sharp cutoff would damage the recovery and potentially drive unemployment even higher “The strongest form of Cold Turkey would be to cut back to


Macro Morning

By Chris Becker  Risk sentiment continues to fade with a mess Wall Street session overnight, as money pressured bonds instead as US Treasury yields fell further. Commodities were equally mixed, with oil futures lifting while iron ore and gold stumbled, while the latest BOE meeting saw their QE program expanded, sending Pound Sterling to a


Macro Afternoon

More hesistation and concern feeding into risk markets today here in Asia, with the shocking unemployment print in Australia absorbed without much fuss. The USD remains mixed against the majors going into the London open while gold holds fast just below the $1730USD per ounce level. In mainland China, the Shanghai Composite is up a


Macro Morning

By Chris Becker  Risk sentiment is fading slightly as geopolitical concerns across the Koreas and India/China border clash with the growing coronavirus outbreaks in China and the Southern/western US states. Wall Street sold off going into the close, which should translate into mild losses on the open here in Asia, while currency markets were relatively


Macro Afternoon

A much more measured session across stock markets here in Asia as profit taking was the order of the day – except locally as bidders kept on bidding! Concerns about coronavirus spreading in Beijing and the USA are not yet genuine or applicable to heavily goosed risk assets, with the USD retreating slightly alongside S&P


Macro Morning

By Chris Becker  There’s a lot to digest from overnight markets including China and India border disputes, rising infection rates and case loads of COVID-19 in the US South, plus a swathe of economic data and Fed Chair Powell’s testimony to Congress. Coupled with the ridiculous surge in Asian stocks yesterday, it all ended up


Australian dollar tumbles as stocks launch

DXY was strong last night: So the Australian dollar was weak: EMs were even weaker: Gold is trapped at the break out line: Oil gained: Dirt too: Miners were mixed: EM stocks flamed out: Junk did better: Bonds sold: Stocks have recovered half their recent losses: Wrap from Westpac: Event Wrap There were reports that Florida’s


Macro Afternoon

It was “let’s forget about Monday” on Asian share markets today in response to the next layer of the Fed punchbowl and the potential for another Trump crony bailout/looting spree aka bailout package announced overnight. Stock markets soared with the ASX200 up over 4% at one stage while currency markets were relatively mild, as gold


Macro Morning

By Chris Becker  The Fed rides to the rescue! After looking into a 1000 drop in the Dow overnight, the Federal Reserve stepped in and announced they were buying up all the corporate bonds, injecting $750 billion into the rotten, sucking “risk” edifice that lapped it up with glee. Another papering over of real macro


Australian dollar, stocks and virus rip

DXY was down last night: The Australian dollar blasted higher: Gold was flogged early but recovered with stocks: Oil too: Dirt was weak: And miners: EM stocks held on: As the Fed lifted junk with direct corporate bond purchases: Bonds eased: Stocks were bashed then took off: The Australian dollar remains a listed US equity:


Macro Afternoon

Not a good start to the week for Asian stocks with a strong selloff across the region and Wall Street ready to tumble as markets reopen tonight. This is in the wake of the surge in COVID-19 cases across the US and in Beijing, with risk off extending to currencies with gold and Bitcoin both


Macro Morning

By Chris Becker  Another night of mixed sentiment to finish the trading week on Wall Street on Friday with US shares opening higher before settling with a minor bounceback, relatively speaking from their volatile previous session. Other risk assets were largely range bound, unsure of where sentiment truly lies given the surge in COVID-19 cases


Australian dollar falls as Biden rises

DXY was strong again Friday night: But the Australian dollar was even stronger: Gold is still poised: Oil firmed: Base metals are still mixed: Miners rebounded: EM stocks too: And junk: Bonds softened: Stocks managed a weak bounce: Despite the little comeback, I note that a new and less propitious narrative is developing. As the


Macro Afternoon

Another red day for stocks across Asia but not as bad as expected given the huge risk off mood from Wall Street overnight with a late rally in the afternoon session covering a lot of the losses. Meanwhile the USD has firmed against most of the majors, particularly Yen while the Aussie almost broke the


Macro Morning

By Chris Becker  Hilarity ensued last night on risk markets as traders finally worked out the second wave of COVID-19 in the US is coming faster than the first, as new cases and ICU bed use balloon outside of NY. The Fed helped things along with the release of some very gloomy economic figures which


What will kill off USD dominance? Nothing

Via Scope: Global currencies are widely used in cross-border monetary operations, finance and trade. For the issuing sovereigns, these currencies come with both benefits and costs and can therefore have significant implications for creditworthiness. In this report, we explore the drivers of global currency status and the prospects for change in the international monetary system,


Macro Morning

By Chris Becker  Last night saw the latest FOMC meeting pass, where the Fed’s stance was more accommodative than expected, and coupled with inflation data that was slightly weaker than expected, caused the bond market to tip over into a buying frenzy, with the 10 year yield falling from 0.83% to 0.73%. The USD fell,


Australian dollar sells the Fed fact

DXY was soft again last night: The Australian dollar was firm but sold into the Fed: Gold jumped: Oil held on: Dirt is still mixed: Miners ploughed on: EM stocks too: Junk flamed out: Bonds were bid bigly: Stocks fell except Nasdaq to the moon: The Fed simply couldn’t be dovish enough to satisfy the


Macro Afternoon

  A flat day for stocks across Asia with Chinese shares falling the most on poor sentiment around Hong Kong. European shares look set to open a little higher with the USD falling against the majors, particularly Yen as risk seems poised here after a frenzy of buying. In mainland China, the Shanghai Composite pulled


Macro Morning

By Chris Becker  A pause a stall or a breakdown occurred on stock markets overnight – except the NASDAQ – with all major markets retreating slightly as probability finally caught up to the blowout trends. The USD was sold off once more, while Treasuries rallied leading up to tonights FOMC meeting as yields dropped back


Australian dollar thumped with stocks

DXY was down again last night: The Australian dollar was bashed anyway: Gold is having another crack: Oil was soft but the dip bought: Dirt was mixed: Miners soft: EM stocks tried and failed to fall: Junk jeez: Bonds were bid as markets concluded Fed yield curve control was necessary to prevent a stock crash:


Macro Afternoon

Another relatively solid day across stock markets here in Asia, save for Japan which had a much needed but quite shallow pause as Yen buying continued. The PBOC cut the Yuan again today after a recent failure to beat its 2019 high while gold remains unsupported below the $1700USD per ounce level. In mainland China,


Macro Morning

By Chris Becker  Equity markets continue to fully price in a V-shaped recovery and are about to return to their pre-COVID19 highs, as Wall Street rallied overnight to a three month high following the good start to the week here in Asia. Australian markets will reopen today and likely continue the orgy of buying as


Macro Afternoon

A sea of green, but not quite as deep as expected following the orgy of buying on Wall Street on Friday night after the better than expected monthly US jobs report. Enthusiasm to reflect those overseas returns into something substantial has waned, with Australian markets closed due to the long weekend, with most major currencies