China grows old before it gets rich

China’s ageing population has long been considered the economy’s number one long-term headwind.

The ‘One Child Policy’ implemented in the 1970s and abolished in 2016 was credited with preventing some 400 million births between 1979 to 2010.

The policy initially created a demographic structure that was ideal for economic growth, since China had a large number of workers supporting a few number of dependents (both young and old).

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