The Australian dollar is set to fall in 2019

See the latest Australian dollar analysis here:

Macro Morning

DXY was strong Friday night and it looks primed for a break out. EUR and CNY were weak:

AUD was hosed across developed markets:

EMs were even worse:

Shorts continued to pull out of AUD last week, now down to -46k contracts:

Gold was soft:

And oil:

Plus base metals:

Big miners fell:

EM stocks too:

Junk was soft:

Treasuries were bid:

Bunds too:

Stocks look like they want go lower yet:

Despite poor sentiment:

So, why do I say that the Australian dollar looks likely to go lower ahead? Basically, we know that the US is slowing and the Fed is likely to pull back on tightening. The problem is, the wider world is slowing even faster:

And China look set to decelerate very sharply in H1, 2019:

As well, the excellent Viktor Schvets of Macquarie notes liquidity is key:

Is the coast clear? It is not safe; too many sharks out there

‘Well this is not a boat accident! It wasn’t any propeller! It wasn’t any coral reef! And it wasn’t Jack the Ripper! It was a shark!’ As in ‘Jaws’, investors are now trying to assess whether there are sharks out there in the dark waters ahead, and what signals should they watch? Is it trade, politics, CBs, extraditions, retaliations, fiscal stimuli, spreads, private equity (arguably the single most overvalued and least liquid asset class), FX, oil or other uncertainties that could sink the boat? Who is selling and what does it mean? As we saw in ‘97-98 or ‘08-09, trying to anticipate whether it would be Russia, LTCM, subprime or Lehman’s PN business that would change everything is a fruitless exercise. We will know when we do. The value of a single signal by itself is limited, and the headlines that ‘we have just discovered the signal’ are not worth much.

Having said that, there is an underlying ‘heart beat’ that tells investors whether the general direction is towards a greater  disinflation or reflation. In a world dominated by asset prices, there is a need to generate more liquidity and debt than economies require. We no longer live in a conventional capitalism; there are no recognizable cycles, and late cycle arguments mean little, when public sectors determine their duration and strength.

In a modern economy, it is all about tax cuts, fiscal stimuli and manipulation of yield curves & rates. Indeed it makes sense, as generating excess liquidity & corralling volatilities is the only way to guide highly financialized economies. It does however lead to a Matrix world of random signals, turning what only days ago seemed solid into liquid.

…ultimately the world does not work if liquidity drains & reflation slows.

This brings us to the latest ‘signals’. First, we had Powell changing tune in space of less than eight weeks from ‘far from neutral’ to ‘just below neutral’, altering expectations of a tightening cycle, and pushing US$ lower. Second, we had a plethora of news regarding the trade war. China apparently agreed to buy a bit more US soybeans (~0.5m tons) and is willing to re-phrase and underemphasize its ‘China 2025 policy’. Third, it appears that the Italian populist Government is folding on its budget spending. It is enough to reflate sentiment and markets by lowering probabilities of more extreme outcomes.

Unless economies evolve in strongly positive or negative ways, it is this flow of random signals that drives markets, which in turn impacts economies in a complex and iterative process. However, at the end of the day, unless CBs reverse their contractionary stance, global liquidity would continue to drain, and unless China and US alter their policies, global reflationary momentum would weaken.

The world cannot function unless China and the US see ‘eye to eye’ and Eurozone avoids implosion. It is possible that we might find a middle ground, but it would require a miracle; at least in the absence of a greater dislocation.

We maintain that while China would like to find a compromise, it can never give up its state-driven model and EU is still facing a revolution in ’19. There are also uncertainties of a divided Congress that could either lower or raise US$ (depending on whether US accepts slower growth or stimulates).

Despite recent relief, direction remains disinflationary; the coast is not clear.

Although the Fed will lower its tightening outlook and revert to a data-driven, month-to-month reaction function, it won’t be easing any time soon. That makes it tough for China to make the shift from iterative easing to aggressive kitchen sink stimulus given it must protect the yuan for its own reasons and if it is not going exacerbate the trade war.

While this context lasts it is AUD negative. Add that Australia now confronts a toxic H1, 2019 as the housing bust combines with the federal election and tumbling commodity prices to force the RBA to slash rates.

That ought to be enough to take the AUD into a new and lower trading range until the Fed, China or both panic once again.

David Llewellyn-Smith
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  1. I think the fed may suprise and leave rates on hold this week?? and remain on hold from here, is that possible ?
    RBA to cut twuce next year
    Saw a great interview from paul Tudor Jones he said fed won’t rsise next year and that could put a sky rocket under shares but if they went too hard market could get pounded again
    With oil much lower and China rattled they might pause and stay on hold thus week ??

    • bcnich, that is a possibility, but the Fed would really shock the market if they didn’t raise this week.
      Stocks might rise initially but then get spooked.

      • Even though market is short I really felt 7395 was top, it’s a nice retracement from 7020, 4c or 5%
        It feels to me that we will see 60s in this year possibly or soon after in Jan 19 before Chinese New Year
        What do you think ????

    • It’s Jerome Powell who said that have no idea what markets will do when they do qt as he opposed more qe in 2012. He wants to rise to give him ammo. Dow theory and total breakdown in rut on Friday. Sentiment changed a little but no one is short except me. Europe and China in recession and no ammo left. Markets will make Powell not rise. Today will be horrendous.

      • My feeling is this is the time we go through 70c and not return for many years
        China slowing
        Market sniffing rate cuts
        I think it’s a possibility we see 60s before end of 18 or soon after
        Even if thd fed slows we are going to be cutting faster next year
        Think market is sniffing this out now, although CFTC still pretty short, think big players selling out may offset that short
        The SQ might come from 65c when all the sheep get really short and bounce 3/4c to 68/69 when bloxo and Craig James call the bottom we will head lower again
        Anyway we will see, there’s been many bounces off 70c

  2. 2019 is going to be a massive stimulus year in China. Iron ore prices will move higher. That will support the dollar.

  3. Markets better not falter here or Aussie Bonds could overshoot. No supply for over 4 weeks and not much of a deficit for a while and still more than half sent overseas. Wouldn’t take much for them to really take off.