Iron ore price

Iron ore price, steel price and futures published daily

The contemporary seaborne iron ore price first emerged in 2003 when the Chinese development model shifted up a gear. Indian suppliers broke free of an annual contract pricing system that had been dominated by Australia, Brazil and Japan for decades.

As Chinese demand surged, traditional supply and pricing mechanisms could not keep pace. Indian miners in Goa and Karnataka had surplus supply and filled China’s marginal new needs outside the old benchmarking system.

But it still wasn’t enough and other non-traditional suppliers began to emerge in South America and Africa. These needed more dynamic pricing mechanisms and by 2008 Platts, Metal Bulletin and The Steel Index were publishing a daily iron ore price.

As the Chinese demand surge continued, by 2007, major Australian iron ore miners were charging enormous premiums to prices from five years earlier. The annual benchmarking system began to strain to the point breaking, including significant diplomatic tensions between Australia and China. This culminated in a proposed merger of BHP and RIO Tinto which triggered panic in Beijing as it feared an already supply-constrained market and soaring iron ore price would by made worse by monopoly pricing. The Chinese SOE, Chinalco, moved the buy a blocking stake in RIO Tinto.

However, the GFC intervened and deflated tensions as Chinese demand collapsed. But Chinese steel mills found themselves still tied to very high prices and an annual iron ore price benchmark that did not reflect the new reality. Many defaulted on cargoes and walked away from deals.

To fight the downturn, China unleashed an enormous fiscal and monetary stimulus that soon had China building more than ever. The demand for iron ore rocketed to all new highs. With the memory of contract defaults fresh in their minds, major Australian miners, led by BHP and CEO Marius Kloppers, abandoned the annual benchmarks, forcing Chinese steel mills to adopt a short term iron ore price using spot and quarterly contracts. Brazil joined in in 2010.

The spot iron ore price soared to all new highs and triggered a global wave of new supply from producers such as Fortescue Metals Group, Ferrexpo, Kumba Iron Ore, Anglo American and Sino Iron.

With the rise of the short term iron ore price market, iron ore derivative markets grew. First in the Singapore on the SGX and later in China as the Dalian Commodities Exchange and the United States at Chicago Commodities Exchange (CME). Iron ore derivatives could hedge and future price iron ore output.

These last developments coincided with the peak in the China boom and prices began to fall from 2012. After peaking above $190 per tonne, the iron ore price collapsed into the $30s in 2015 as new supply outstripped demand.

Ahead were still many years of oversupply, a lower iron ore price, consolidation and mine closures.

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Find below our daily feed of market analysis


Daily iron ore price update

Here is yesterday’s iron ore price. It’s a war between the 12m swap, which rightly does not want to budge and the spot price, which just as rightly wants to rise. Here’s where we’re up to on the spread between them: I’m still thinking that yesterday’s Indian news will be enough to push spot higher


Daily iron ore price update

Little change to today’s iron ore complex but our spread is now plus $10 between spot and 12m swaps. One is going to give shortly. In news, Mitsui sees a $100 price floor in the year ahead: “I think we saw the floor of it in the second quarter” ending Sept. 30, Iijima of Mitsui &


All together now: China forever!

Find below the new “Aussie Mine” report from PWC, an annual assessment of the landscape and prospects for the mid-tier Australian miners. I don’t recommend reading this for any other reason than the good laugh available in the assessment of China from pages 3 to 7. If ever there was a report that captured the


RBA Index of commodity prices dumps again

The RBA’s index of commodity prices for October is out and continues its recent dump. If you’re wondering why since iron ore has been powering it’s simple, longer term coal contracts are now getting lowered following falls earlier in the year: Preliminary estimates for October indicate that the index fell by 3.5 per cent (on a monthly


Heavy falls for coal export volumes

Courtesy of ANZ: Iron ore prices improved slightly after China flash  manufacturing data showed an improvement. However,  thermal and coking coal markets continue to track sideways  on weak China imports. China’s combined coal imports in Sep  showed a 22% y/y decline to 14.9mt. Thermal coal imports  declined 18%y/y to 12.4mt in Sep 2011, while coking


Daily ore price update

Here is today’s iron ore chart: Definitely looks like the spot market wants to test the $120 ceiling. 12 month swaps aren’t co-operating and the contango is gone but the spread has often been much wider than this so that may not hold spot back: As I’ve said, though, anything over $120 now has highly


Daily iron ore price update

All quiet on the Westoren front today. Not much else to read either beyond a bit bullish blather from UBS: Iron ore will probably advance this quarter to levels last seen in July as steelmakers in China, the biggest buyer, rebuild inventories on speculation that the country’s pace of economic growth will pick up, said


Daily iron ore price update

As you can see above from today’s iron ore complex price table, it was another lacklustre day’s trade on Friday. The ore chart now looks this way: Which we might describe as a loss of momentum. The steel chart is similar if marginally better: There’s clearly been an ore restocking impulse running through Chinese markets


Daily iron ore price update

Here’s your overnight ore complex action: Looks like the bulks got their Chinese data bounce one day early. In other news, I mentioned this yesterday but it’s worth repeating. Marius Kloppers has declared the end of the boom: In the 10 years or so that have passed since China first came to the fore as


Cast iron drivel

Business Spectator’s Ben Potter has a fast and loose take on iron ore today: Third quarter production reports have catapulted the big miners higher as they met or exceeded analyst expectations. This, combined with strong offshore leads and an investment community that is fast becoming less bearish on China provide a near perfect storm for