Equities Spotlight: Monadelphous (MND)

In this week’s equities spotlight, we take a look at engineering and construction firm Monadelphous.

The Business

Monadelphous (MND) is an Australian engineering group providing construction, maintenance and industrial services to the resources, energy, infrastructure and airline sectors.  It also offers turnkey design and construction services.

Monadelphous Group operates through four major divisions:

In 2010 MND added to its heavy-lift crane fleet with the purchase of two cranes – one with a 750t lift capability and the other with a 400t limit.  Machines of this size allow MND to handle pre-fabricate modules of industrial equipment (fabricated at their Chinese steel supplier SinoStruct, acquired in 2008) and then assemble the modules after arrival in Australia.  The 2010 financial year also saw the acquisition of onshore transmission pipeline business KT Pty Ltd.  This is a continuation of the company’s strategic decision to increase exposure to the energy sector.

MND employs over 5,500 people and is involved in major projects in Qld ports, central Qld coal mines, the WA alumina industry, the WA iron ore industry and the LNG industry.

The Financials

Monadelphous has an attractive set of financial figures compared to most of its engineering peers.  Return on equity (ROE) has averaged 75% over the last 5 years, with a pre-GFC peak of 95% in 2007.  Revenues decreased only slightly in 2008 and resumed an upward trend through 2009 and 2010. Although high ROE is not unexpected for a business that relies on human talent/resources, maintaining greater than 50% ROE in a competitive industry is an impressive feat by any measure.

The equity base has grown substantial over the last 5 years due to $72m in retained earnings and over $23m in capital raisings.  Capital has been well utilised, with incremental returns on new equity averaging 40% for the last few years – this indicates acquisitions are being made at reasonable prices.

Earnings per share have also increased over the last 5 years, although at a slower rate than equity per share.  This is reflected in the downward trend in ROE for the last few years.

Profit margins (NPAT/revenue) have increased over the last 5 years, moving from 4.3% to 6.3%.  This indicates costs are being controlled and earnings increases are not being derived solely from an increase in work volume.

MND is essentially debt free, with a small $33m holding more than offset by its cash holdings.  In addition, it’s total debt sheet could be paid for by less than 6 months of net earnings.  Not bad at all.


The majority of MNDs board members have been at the helm for a long time, with 3 of the 5 members serving since 1992.  Resumes for the board team are very brief on both the website and in the annual reports (frustrating), however the majority appear to have extensive engineering and construction industry experience.

Management have maintained consistent and sensible strategies over the last several years.  They have pursued revenue diversification (through expansion into the energy sector) as well as taking advantage of lower steel construction costs through their Chinese manufacturer.  Management focus on ROE in the annual reports is also a great sign – a focus which is reflected in high returns on incremental equity.

Management remuneration appears sensibly balanced, with around 15% of salaries coming in the form on short-term cash bonuses.


  • MND is leveraged to the commodities boom, with several construction projects in the LNG, coal and iron ore industries
  • MND as a maintenance revenue base, which would help to provide continuity of earnings
  • MND management appear to be experienced and committed to generating high returns on shareholder equity


  • The commodities boom may create skills shortages and push up construction costs – this is already being seen in projects like the Worsley Alumina expansion
  • MND’s share price will be highly sensitive to commodity prices, particularly LNG, coal and iron ore


In summary, Monadelphous appears to be one of the best listed engineering and construction companies on the ASX.  Return on equity is impressive, equity per share is increasing, debt is negligible and management appear capable and committed to providing return on shareholder’s capital.  If MND can continue to win large resource sector jobs (particularly maintenance contracts) whilst diversifying into the energy industry, they will go a long way to insulating their business from commodity price shocks.

Despite their great fundamentals, MND still has no competitive advantage over its competitors such as Leightons and Thiess.  As such, we consider MND a Good company.


Using an equity per share base of $2.00, assuming normalised ROE moves from 75% to 65% over 5 years and reinvestment stays at 14% of NPAT, Empire Investing values MND at $15.85 per share.

As a good company, we require a 50% discount to value for. As such, our maximum buy price is $10.56.

Disclosure: The author is a Director of a private investment company (Empire Investing Pty Ltd), which has no current interest in the businesses mentioned in this article.  The article is not to be taken as investment advice and the views expressed are opinions only.  Readers should seek advice from someone who claims to be qualified before considering allocating capital in any investment.

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  1. Wow, the last time MND was at $10.56 was in June 2009, and it gained 80% since. So you reckon that, although its a Good company, at some point in the not too distant future MND will have dropped from $18.65 today by 8 bucks or 43%? Thats massive! Are you factoring in a crash in equities markets like Oct 08, and therefore consider pretty much all stocks as currently over valued?

    • Howdy Juan – nice pic!
      We actually think MND is worth $15.85 assuming our forecasts for ROE are 100% accurate. However this would rarely be the case, so we want to buy at a good discount to value to mitigate any errors we made in our valuation (or to allow for any unexpected bad decisions by management, such as the recent Leightons estimating debacle). Because MND exists in a very competitive market space and is highly leveraged to commodity prices, we’d want to see a 50% discount to value before we’d buy it. That is a large discount to be sure. However, if MND was a wonderful stock (say, like WOW or REH, which have rock-solid ROE and awesome market power), then our required discount would be lower – say 10 or 15%.

      • Oh, and whether it drops to that level will depend on the company and the market. If MND continues its good run, it’ll probably never drop to that level – which is what we expected as equity and earnings increase. But the point of value investing is to buy good companies when Mr Market provides great buying opportunities. So if the MND share price was hammered, and we didn’t think the underlying fundamentals had changed that much, we’d buy it. Until then, we’ll look for better buying opportunities.

        • Thanx Q. Kinda makes sense, from a value investors point of view, and who knows, with the times as shaky as they are, MND might just revisit the $10 range sometime.

          I don’t hold shares in either of those companies, but if I would have bought 2 years ago MND, WOW and REH shares, the returns as of today would be

          WOW July 09 26.70 Today 27.36 Gain 2.5%

          REH July 09 18.70 Today 21.20 Gain 13.4%

          MND July 09 10.69 Today 18.88 Gain 76.6%

          Seen over 4 years, including GFC1, the picture gets even more pronounced. WOW has gained 5% and REH has actually dropped by 25%. Money in a savings account would have created better returns. Compare that with a 100% gain on MND shares since July 2007.

          So it doesn’t matter if I was an investor 2 or 4 years ago, by far the better bet would have been MND.

          However, on a shorter horizon, for the past quarter, WOW has gone up by 3% while REH and MND have lost ground by about 5% each. So forward looking, you see this near term trend to continue, and assuming that sooner rather than later markets will correct sharply lower thanx to GFC2, WOW and REH will due to their strong market position within their industries not fall as hard as MND?

          • I wasn’t following WOW four years ago, so given it’s moved nowhere in that time would indicate the market had over-priced it back then (it has had a steady ROE the whole time). REH has almost always been overpriced by the market (according to our calcs anyway) since we’ve been watching it over the last few years – it’s one we watch in forlorn hope that the price will come back below value.
            MND has done a great job in a booming sector – hence it’s stellar performance over the last few years. But in the event of a market correction (especially brought about by a Chinese-led correction) I would be backing WOW and REH (especially WOW) over MND.

  2. If you consider why a 50% discount is used versus a 10% discount, the answer is probably consistency/volatility in returns.

    If you ask further why that is so, then you start getting into macroeconomic factors.

    If you dig even deeper you start to realise debt cycles play a huge part in macro cycles.

    Then you realise – why am I bothering with individual stocks? If the macro is negative, get the hell out. If the macro is positive, go to the market.

    For me, therein lies the secret of investing. It’s not stock picking, it’s macro factors.

    This is also why hedge funds exist and how they make money. By preempting future economic direction and subsequent policy reactions.