Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Reddit + - Grantham on cooking the planet By Houses and Holes in Carbon Economy, Featured Articleat 1:51 pm on March 13, 2013 | 68 comments Find below another fantastic video of Jeremy Grantham on global warming, Malthus and other doomsday scenarios. It really is disturbing when such an eminently smart guy gives it to you straight. Not to be missed. Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Reddit + - YOU MAY ALSO BE INTERESTED IN FT LEX butchers Australian outlookThe FT's always provocative LEX column did China slams another brake on shadow lendingFrom Bloomie: China imposed limits on lending by The full Morrison lamington drive (with charts!)From Treasurer Scott Morrison: Australia has Three rate cuts between Aussie households and doom?MB has been negative on banks and their margins Comments GSM March 13, 2013 at 3:11 pm Very interesting. Thanks. squirell March 13, 2013 at 3:28 pm clearly the guy is a beatnik Revert2Mean March 13, 2013 at 3:35 pm A beatnik with over $100 Billion under management? willynilly March 13, 2013 at 3:55 pm As a numbers man, he does mention that global fertility has approx halved but does not realise that peak population is more than likely this century due to the demographic paradox. There are some long range forecasts by the UN that have global population at 3 billion by 2300. So much for those population alarmists….. He also does not seem fully aware of Thorium. ‘Older people have to work harder’…. ‘A great surge of debt blew up the property bubble’….. ‘ I would have let a few of the big banks go’….. Revert2Mean March 13, 2013 at 4:11 pm From the Sept. 2012 UK Govt National Nuclear Laboratory report on Thorium: In summary, in solid-fuel, water-cooled reactors thorium nuclear reactors (which some countries are working on) still produce a waste product that lasts an extremely long time and is very toxic; are an an easy terrorist target or source of bomb-making ingredients; and don’t seem economically efficient to develop. Other unstated downfalls of at least some (if not all) thorium reactors include: extreme susceptibility to disasters, including droughts; and truly unknown longterm effects on life via the regular releases of very small quantities of radioactive elements. Revert2Mean March 13, 2013 at 4:19 pm And incidentally, AFAIK there no working thorium molten salt reactors at present. None. Another Castle in the Air. willynilly March 13, 2013 at 6:41 pm “The Chinese aim to beat them to it. Technology for the molten salt process already exists. The Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Tennessee built such a reactor in the 1960s. It was shelved by the Nixon Administration. The Pentagon needed plutonium residue from uranium to build nuclear bombs. The imperatives of the Cold War prevailed. The thorium blueprints gathered dust in the archives until retrieved and published by former Nasa engineer Kirk Sorensen. The US largely ignored him: China did not.” China blazes trail for ‘clean’ nuclear power from thorium The Chinese are running away with thorium energy, sharpening a global race for the prize of clean, cheap, and safe nuclear power. Good luck to them. They may do us all a favour. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/comment/ambroseevans_pritchard/9784044/China-blazes-trail-for-clean-nuclear-power-from-thorium.html willynilly March 13, 2013 at 6:45 pm Commercial nuclear power station India’s Kakrapar-1 reactor is the world’s first reactor which uses thorium rather than depleted uranium to achieve power flattening across the reactor core. India, which has about 25% of the world’s thorium reserves, is developing a 300 MW prototype of a thorium-based Advanced Heavy Water Reactor (AHWR). The prototype is expected to be fully operational by 2013, after which five more reactors will be constructed. The reactor is a fast breeder reactor and uses a plutonium core rather than an accelerator to produce neutrons. As accelerator-based systems can operate at sub-criticality they could be developed too, but that would require more research. India currently envisages meeting 30% of its electricity demand through thorium-based reactors by 2050. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thorium willynilly March 13, 2013 at 6:46 pm So R2M, none? Really? As an AGW supporter I would have thought you would welcome Thorium as a green solution. Revert2Mean March 13, 2013 at 8:06 pm A report from the UK’s National Nuclear Labs (NNL), based at Sellafield, was pretty dismissive of the thorium option- it would take years to develop land there weren’t many obvious benefits, given that uranium was plentiful. NNL estimated that it would be likely to take ‘10 to 15 years of concerted R&D effort and investment before the Thorium fuel cycle could be established in current reactors and much longer for any future reactor systems’. It went on ‘Thorium fuel concepts which require first the construction of new reactor types (such as High Temperature Reactor (HTR), fast reactors and Accelerator Driven Systems (ADS)) are regarded as viable only in the much longer term (of the order of 40+ years minimum)’. What about the thorium breeder concept? NNL says ‘The use of thorium in place of U-238 as a fertile material in a once-through fuel …only yields a very small benefit over the conventional U-Pu fuel cycle. For example it is estimated that the approach of using seed-blanket assemblies (the blanket being the surrounding fertile thorium material) in a once-through thorium cycle in PWRs, will only reduce uranium ore demand by 10%. This is considered too marginal to justify investment in the thorium cycle on its own.’ And on the alleged avoidance or reduction of proliferation risks NNL says ‘Contrary to that which many proponents of thorium claim, U-233 should be regarded as posing a definite proliferation risk. For a thorium fuel cycle which falls short of a breeding cycle, uranium fuel would always be needed to supplement the fissile material and there will always be significant (though reduced) plutonium production’. On the economics, NNL says that ‘while economic benefits are theoretically achievable by using thorium fuels, in current market conditions the position is marginal and insufficient to justify major investment. There is only a very weak technical basis for claims that thorium concepts using seed-blanket PWR cores will be economically advantageous. The only exception is in a postulated market environment of restricted uranium ore availability and thus very high uranium prices. This is not considered very likely for the foreseeable future. Source willynilly March 13, 2013 at 6:48 pm Existing thorium energy projects The German THTR-300 was the first commercial power station powered almost entirely with thorium. India’s 300 MWe AHWR (pressurized heavy water reactor) reactor began construction in 2011. The design envisages a start up with reactor grade plutonium which will breed U-233 from Th-232. After that the input will only be thorium for the rest of the reactor’s design life. The primary fuel of the HT3R Project near Odessa, Texas, USA will be ceramic-coated thorium beads. The earliest date the reactor will become operational is in 2015. Horizon March 13, 2013 at 7:29 pm China is building one right now. Several have been built in the past – the number one problem with them is their lack of weapons grade material – they are one of the most heavily lobbied against of all the technologies by almost every sector – and yes they are viable yes all the hype is true. Thorium is the future of nuclear outside fussion. Revert2Mean March 13, 2013 at 7:55 pm As I said, there are no working commercial Thorium reactors right now. They will have the same problems as other nuke reactors: proliferation, waste, cost, delay. Not the answer. willynilly March 13, 2013 at 8:57 pm R2M The German THTR-300 was the first commercial power station powered almost entirely with thorium. India’s 300 MWe AHWR (pressurized heavy water reactor) reactor began construction in 2011. Revert2Mean March 13, 2013 at 11:13 pm Wassa matter with you, man? The THTR-300 was shut down. Everything I have written is accurate. Dystopian March 13, 2013 at 8:01 pm Demographic paradox? WTF! A forecast of population in 2300 is meaningless. The usual half baked demographix crap you peddle. willynilly March 14, 2013 at 7:42 am Perhaps you should google ‘demographic paradox’ and educate yourself about demographcs before calling ‘crap’ brucem March 13, 2013 at 5:00 pm For a Vegemite-centric view: Grantham comes out in support of pink batts, smart meters and budget deficits. (~45min mark) “…If you have people unemployed go and do useful projects to employ them […] go and insulate every cold area, it will have a high societal value, you’ll never regret it […] redo the grid system, you’ll never regret it […] debt is vastly exaggerated” General Disarray March 13, 2013 at 5:25 pm His view on markets makes much more sense than the ideological nonsense that plagues so much business commentary. We need more thinkers like Grantham. brucem March 13, 2013 at 5:49 pm +1 3d1k March 13, 2013 at 7:10 pm Grantham makes gives good argument but like PhilB above loses me a little when joining the ‘extreme weather is global warming’ chorus. Plus I reckon he’s looking mortality in the eye giving rise to tendency to see ‘the end’ everywhere. 3d1k March 13, 2013 at 8:09 pm You regularly seem to pay it some attention…I understand – resistance is futile. aj. March 13, 2013 at 8:39 pm i check out my goldfish tank to see if needs cleaning as well. 3d1k March 13, 2013 at 9:01 pm good way to fill the time… aj. March 13, 2013 at 9:15 pm Only takes a second. Gunnamatta March 13, 2013 at 7:21 pm ‘Being bullish sells. You will not easily hear honest advice when it is bearish.’ ‘I would rather stimulate the economy directly through the fiscal system than play games with the monetary system.’ aj. March 13, 2013 at 7:22 pm That was fantastic – from whoa to go. “debt in the long run is not as significant as people think… distracts us from the real world… are you being inventive, training etc” nothing like having you core understandings smashed by a guy much smarter than you! And boy is there a message there for the unfettered development enthusiasts: “propaganda has been suburb – have they no grandchildren these people”. Wonderful stuff from a great deep thinker real analyst. Revert2Mean March 13, 2013 at 7:57 pm Bernanke is beating a donkey, thinking it’s a racehorse! Loved it. aj. March 13, 2013 at 8:08 pm this was brutal to the status quo – “no evidence that increased debt increases GDP” aj. March 13, 2013 at 8:33 pm no but i’ll go back to it – i really like matty t. aj. March 13, 2013 at 8:46 pm i’m done for the night pb – but i will read the full MT article tomorrow – i’m not doubting there is bullsh*t enviro rorts gong on there. aj. March 13, 2013 at 7:24 pm yesss phill…… on a geological timeframe we all end up as fossils. i’m thinking you have got there ahead of schedule. Revert2Mean March 13, 2013 at 7:56 pm The aged, conservative commentariat at this site is tedious in the extreme. 😈 Alex Heyworth March 14, 2013 at 11:43 am Not as tedious as your constant bashing of the climate catastrophe drum. Alex Heyworth March 14, 2013 at 11:44 am Aargh, response to R2M at 7.56 pm. Opinion8red March 13, 2013 at 8:52 pm Hmmm. Watched it all, can’t understand the fuss. Yes, he is thoughtful, dignified, and eloquent. But I’m afraid that I didn’t hear one genuinely original thought or insight. Everything said, has been said by various others too, at some point, and in many cases, repeatedly. Most interesting observation he made, was more of an anecdote anyway – his lecture to the 1,200 financial analysts/traders resulting in these “people who were doing the dirty work” near-unanimously acknowledging agreement with him that a bear market was inevitable, and yet, their bosses preached the opposite to clients and the media … “You will not easily hear, honest advice when it is bearish”. No surprises to this cynical little black duck, but interesting nonetheless to hear someone of Grantham’s stature testifying to the truth of it. Finally, I think he is dangerously wrong in downplaying the significance of debt. It would appear that he cannot see by far the biggest bubble of them all (“money”). Somewhat like a fish being unaware of water, because it is his whole world. rob barratt March 13, 2013 at 9:22 pm +1 Why do I get so sick of hearing all the Green bollocks when: 1) Birth control is taboo; 2) Just keep borrowing, rely on population growth to make you a few bucks, get your rental property now and f*** the next guy; Next time you’re at an airport, watch the human race at work collecting their luggage at the baggage carousel. The rules are: Crowd the belt so: 1) You can’t see your bags because everyone is trying to do the same thing; 2) You have to push people aside to get your case off the carousel; Lesson: If we all stood back 3 meters there wouldn’t be a problem. The smart money is on the insect world where the next 2 million years are concerned. aj. March 13, 2013 at 9:32 pm +1 rb Mining Bogan March 13, 2013 at 9:46 pm None of us go near the baggage carousel. We all carry one backpack with us. Contents being mp3 player, tablet and one Unique Cars magazine. Possibly a UFC jumper. Baggage carousels are for those with one home only. 3d1k March 13, 2013 at 9:49 pm Only adds to the peace man. As you know the newbies carry heavy. aj. March 13, 2013 at 10:17 pm Ohh like wow dudes – I’ve been too mine site too – just don’t it t the front where the props are noisy. As a rule of thumb – if you need to go to the site then you re way way way down the pecking order. 3d1k March 13, 2013 at 10:22 pm I question Mining B has seen a site in some time… (not sure MB just a feeling) I’ve done my stints in Africa and South America – long haul FIFO! Go to Perth Domestic, you’ll see what we mean. Mining Bogan March 13, 2013 at 10:24 pm Never claimed to be anything but a bottom feeder aj. I know my place in the world. That’s the problem with everyone else but me. They don’t. 😉 aj. March 13, 2013 at 10:29 pm I am not mining 3d – but I loved the yarns from a gold miner that had done time in Korea – drinking vodka by the glass etc. bloody cold too by all accounts. aj. March 13, 2013 at 10:31 pm No angle from me – fact is if your t the mine your a nobody. I’ve been too plenty. JohnsonM March 14, 2013 at 10:04 am lol +1 to both desmodromic March 13, 2013 at 9:32 pm Opinion8red, As in many intellectual pursuits, the truth when spoken always seems obvious and unoriginal because many of us have already mulled over some of the parts. However, the power in what is being said comes from how the parts are linked in time and space. Grantham is the first market person I’ve heard that has explicitly recognised that for the current model of human existence to continue we must deftly manage demand and use of a few finite resources. That we have mostly failed to do so since the start of the Industrial Revolution and increased our numbers six-fold while doing so is rightly cause for concern. Opinion8red March 14, 2013 at 7:15 am A very fair point Desmodromic. *nods* aj. March 13, 2013 at 9:39 pm Op8 – your disdain with usury is clouding you on this one. Usury is as old as humanity and always part of the economy. Tax, usury and prostitution – old as life itself. G’s point is anti- debt – debt is irrelevant, just numbers on a page. Opinion8red March 14, 2013 at 7:08 am No. Grantham is wrong. Debt is not irrelevant. Yes, in one sense it is “just numbers on a page”. One that I wholeheartedly agree. But he misses the most vital point, that a debt-as-money-at-interest “money” system … where the interest is not created, only the principal, in the form of loans… means, by definition, a world of artificial scarcity, and of exponential “growth” thus resource depletion, as more and more “just numbers on a page” have to be issued to keep the “growth” moving up and repayments on loans coming in to the bankers. The debt-money system reduces humanity to an increasingly low-virtue, immorality-riven competition for money between individuals and groups. The “smartest”, the “cleverest”, and the most conscience-free, win more and more of the pie, leaving ever more with nothing. BTW, there are plenty of examples throughout history where taxes and/or usury either did not exist at all, or, were applied in a very different (and egalitarian) manner. It well suits the beneficiaries of the present status quo to have most folks believe taxes and usury are “normal”, and/or “necessary evils”. It’s BS. Read “Debt: The First 5,000 Years” by David Graeber as a primer. spleenblatt March 13, 2013 at 9:30 pm Don’t forget kids… Resource sector lobbying actively at the highest level for the status quo of dirty energy and making squillions in the process = heroic, inspirational, job creating, nation saving entrepreneurs beyond reproach Alternative energy sector lobbying actively at the highest level for alternative energy sources and making squillions in the process = dubious, money grabbing, valueless, progress hating, NIMBY hypocrites 3d1k March 13, 2013 at 9:40 pm Spleen. Funny you say don’t forget the kids – waiting to collect mine from footy training. Thrilled to see the conversion over time. Well done. aj. March 13, 2013 at 10:00 pm Hey c’mon – she pays the bills. And all the shrill has to do is listen to a bit f Vogon poetry from time to time… 3d1k March 13, 2013 at 10:12 pm Throws a good party, so yeah, mentor on. spleenblatt March 13, 2013 at 10:13 pm “Those billions pleading for our ore to save them from their doom, Will add some more momentum to this lucrative boom, Never mind that many of the world’s poor live in countries replete with high value resources, That’s the kind of lefty thing you say after three years in taxpayer funded university arts courses” 3d1k March 13, 2013 at 10:16 pm Oi. I think I wrote that. Way back. aj. March 13, 2013 at 10:19 pm Sp – that was beauuutifuul! 3d1k March 13, 2013 at 10:24 pm Spleen is at his best after dark… spleenblatt March 13, 2013 at 10:27 pm Just drunker. This is the last thing I have to say on the matter … http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IxoxmQ6oYx0 Revert2Mean March 13, 2013 at 11:18 pm Since CO2 emissions are rising every year, it looks like carbon trading is not working. Opinion8red March 14, 2013 at 7:12 am Correct. But Big Fossil and Big Finance both want it. Very telling. Opinion8red March 14, 2013 at 7:12 am Oops, meant for R2M above. Annie Oakley March 13, 2013 at 10:45 pm Thanks for posting this – much wisdom indeed. briefly March 14, 2013 at 1:48 am What possible relevance is this? The climate is changing rapidly and irrevocably, bringing widespread and far-reaching economic destruction. Instead of regurgitating the Rolling Stone, why not ask what should be done to arrest further destructive climate change? Houses and Holes March 14, 2013 at 5:28 am Phil, Generally love your work. But “I hate bankers” is not an argument against the existence of climate change and I’m sick of deleting them so it’s 24 hours off for you! Joe100 March 14, 2013 at 7:13 am China’s molten salt thorium reactor program was established by The China Academy of Sciences (CAS) at the Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics (SINAP) in 2011. SINAP apparently has about 400 researchers working on this program with about 100 more at four cooperating CAS research institutes. Program researchers pretty much “cleaned out” Oak Ridge’s experience with this technology as a starting point. The China MSR program is targeting small (~2MW thermal) pilot molten slat cooled and then molten salt fueled reactors – probably in the 2017-2020 time frame, with subsequent scale ups to ~10MWt pilot and then ~100MWt commercial demonstration reactors. This program is headed up by one of the CAS vice chairs – Dr. Jiang Mianheng, who is the son of a former China president – both suggesting this is a serious program. The SINAP program appears well conceived and resourced and with a potentially realistic schedule. If successful this program could lead to commercial technology in the 2025-2030 time frame, but probably not sooner. Pfh007 March 14, 2013 at 9:15 am That was a very interesting interview. We still have long way to go before the messages about debt and the misuse of low interest rates and monetary policy in general, penetrates the grey matter of most policy makers (RBA in particular) and commentators down under. Unfortunately, most of them learnt their economics during the 1970/80s when the great debt mountain (and the industries that feed on it) started rising from the plains and they struggle to see beyond this paradigm. Time to allow the soft rain of higher interest rates commence the slow (decades long) process of eroding debt mountain. Jake Gittes March 14, 2013 at 11:26 am Always have time for Grantham. Slightly baffled by his oil prices. He says oil was $16.00 for 100 years until 1974, then jumped around for 30 years and is now at $85 and it won’t return to $16.00. Check those nominal prices on the US inflation calculator and oil at $16 in 1970 is $95 in 2013. What’s missing or has Grantham elided an element in the argument on real prices?