Australian Dollar

Australian Dollar Analysis, News and Forecasts

The Australian dollar, Aussie dollar (AUD) is one the world’s great commodity currencies. Founded in 1966 and floated in 1983 the Aussie “battler” is the 5th most traded currency in the world despite the economy being only the 12th largest by GDP.

The Australian dollar spent much of its first two decades post-float consistently devaluing from the pre-float value of $1.48 US dollars in 1974 to a low of 47 cent in 2001.

Subsequently it broke this huge downtrend with the rise of the Chinese economy and it’s insatiable demand for raw materials – especially those inputs into steel production, iron ore and coking coal – which Australian was endowed with in abundance. It topped this enormous turnaround in 2011 at $1.11 versus the US dollar.

As the super cycle entered decline so too did the Aussie, falling to a low of 68 cents in 2016 and still falling.

However, the Australian dollar  had became popular as a small reserve currency holding with foreign central banks. As the value of the currency virtually halved during the bust they kept buying. Because global central banks were fighting both low inflation and oversupply worldwide, many engaged in an overt currency war, deliberately devaluing their currencies to capture or protect global market share of production. This was exacerbated by private sector flows pursuing the “chase for yield”.

This proved a challenge to Australian macroeconomic managers as the commodity bust persisted. Without the lower value, the Australian economy was unable to compete in non-resource sectors. The Reserve Bank of Australia embarked on a series of interest rate cuts, jawboning and, eventually macropudential policy, to bring the Australian dollar to fair value.

There are five drivers to the currency. Australia’s relative position vis-a-vis Chinese and its own growth; interest rate differentials, the strength or otherwise of the US dollar; the terms of trade and sentiment. Each of these tips into any fair value model but over time the primary driver is the terms of trade. The relative strength of each waxes and wanes with wider trends. For instance, during the “tech bubble” of the late nineties the Australian dollar was battered lower by poor sentiment as it was seen as a pre-tech dinosaur. After the “tech bust”, the currency rapidly recovered as sentiment turned favourable for real assets like commodities.

MacroBusiness covers all apposite data and wider analysis of these issues daily.

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Macro Afternoon

by Chris Becker Definitely risk off here in Asia today to finish the week on a low as stocks follow the poor overnight lead coming from the Spanish terrorist attack and the derailed Trump administration. Safe havens are the destination for hot money with gold, Yen and bonds rising. In mainland China the Shanghai Composite

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Macro Afternoon

by Chris Becker A very mixed day in Asia after what looked like a good lead overnight from risk markets, with response to the dovish Fed minutes muted by resumed Korean tensions and a burgeoning Yen. Stocks were down across most of the region. Commodities were the highlight with oil rebounded a little, while industrial

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Macro Afternoon

by Chris Becker Following last night’s tepid lead from overnight markets Asian traders are looking at each other and wondering if they should continue on with the bounce from Monday, given the seemingly reduced risk over the Korean peninsula. Stock markets were mixed with only the ASX200 putting on meaningful gains with currencies relatively stable

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Macro Afternoon

by Chris Becker The bounce continues across Asia with green across the board for stock markets as the USD rallies on the back of renewed vigor for interest rate rises. The Korean situation has eased in terms of tension, giving markets respite as they follow the great start to the week from transatlantic markets overnight.

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Macro Afternoon

by Chris Becker Its bounceback day here in Asia as no news about North Korea is good news, with Friday’s night slight return to risk helped today with positive Chinese economic prints. Although the industrial production number disappointing, the mood has been positive, with Yen also weakening slightly alongside gold as Aussie dollar came back

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Macro Morning (Trading Week)

By Chris Becker  Volatility returns with a vengeance as tensions on the Korean peninsula spillover to risk markets, even when the economic and stock fundamentals seem sound. The problem with too low volatility is it begets a higher burst when it breaks and that’s where correlated stock markets find themselves presently. As usual for Monday

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Macro Afternoon

by Chris Becker Another sea of red across Asian stock markets today as tensions overflow between Pyongyang and Mar-a-lago. The massive lift in volatility on US stocks overnight translated into falls everywhere, particularly local markets which broke significant support. A mixed mood on USD though, with the Yen finding buyers on the safe haven while commodity

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Macro Afternoon

by Chris Becker Another day of unease across Asia with the Korean troubles still affecting risk markets, with the Yen bid higher, the Korean Won sold off and stocks retreating across the board. In mainland China the Shanghai Composite is off nearly half a percent recovering a sharp selloff just before lunch to be at  3261

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Macro Afternoon

by Chris Becker The Korean troubles are turning the risk mood straight off in Asia with the Yen appreciating against everything on the safe haven bid. Stocks are down across the region, save Australia, while bonds were bid alongside gold. In mainland China the Shanghai Composite has closed down 10 points or 0.3% lower to 3271 points

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Macro Afternoon

by Chris Becker A mixed day here in Asia as the overnight positive lead from the US did not translate to new highs with mixed reactions to China’s trade balance figures. Oil slipped while gold rose as bonds were relatively unchanged, alongside currencies. In mainland China the Shanghai Composite has closed up only 2 points higher to

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Macro Morning

By Chris Becker   US stocks advanced, but European bourses were subdued as German industrial production for June printed unexpectedly lower. Oil traders are awaiting the outcome of the OPEC meeting while other commodities rallied to start the week strongly. Yesterday in mainland China the Shanghai Composite closed up nearly 0.5% higher to 3277 points as

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Macro Afternoon

by Chris Becker Asia starts the new week with a rally across all major stock markets in response to the strong NFP print on Friday night in the ‘States. Commodities lifted too with iron ore and oil up, the latter on the bet that OPEC’s meeting this week will be fruitful. In mainland China the

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Macro Afternoon

by Chris Becker A whimpering end to an interesting week in Asian stock markets with Japanese and Australian bourses falling while Chinese stocks maintained scratch sessions. Bond markets received the hot money today on safe haven buying, as did Yen as risk gets ready for the big one tonight – the NFP print in the

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Macro Afternoon

by Chris Becker Stocks fell across the region today on a variety of local and international news, starting in South Korea but also extending into China due to a mounting trade war with the US. The weakening USD is not helping in Japan with the Yen elevated, while Pound watchers are waiting for the BOE